Ultrafiltration of Saithe (Pollachius virens) Protein Hydrolysates and Its Effect on Antioxidative Activity
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionCatalysts. 2021, 11 (9), . https://doi.org/10.3390/catal11091053
The whitefish industry generates a huge amount of rest raw material, which is currently wasted or underutilized in the production of low-value products such as animal feed. While fish muscle is the primary product of use for human consumption, rest raw material has great potential as a source of protein and bioactive peptides for the production of food ingredients and nutraceuticals. Enzymatic hydrolysis is a biotechnological processing method that can be used to extract protein from fish rest raw material into a protein hydrolysate. This study aimed at investigating the functionality of ultrafiltration as an industrial processing method and its effect on the bioactivity of protein hydrolysates. Protein hydrolysates were produced by enzymatic hydrolysis of saithe (Pollachius virens) head and backbone caught at two separate occasions to investigate the effect of seasonal variations. Ultrafiltration effectively concentrated larger peptides (>4 kDa) and smaller peptides (<4 kDa) in separate fractions, with a protein yield of 31% in the fraction <4 kDa. The unfiltered hydrolysate was found to have a higher antioxidative activity compared to the <4 kDa fraction in ABTS, FRAP, and ORAC assays. These results indicate that ultrafiltration does not effectively increase bioactivity by concentrating small peptides and that bioactivity is dependent on several properties, including interaction with larger peptides.