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dc.contributor.authorXue, Yan
dc.contributor.authorLindkvist, Carmel Margaret
dc.contributor.authorTemeljotov Salaj, Alenka
dc.identifier.citationRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2021, 137, .en_US
dc.description.abstractNorway is a major renewable energy developer in Europe, mainly through its development of hydropower. Research has shown that solar energy also has potential in Norway, however, the cumulative installed photovoltaic capacity was only 120 MW at the end of 2019, representing 4.1% of the total electricity generation. Hence, this paper aims to investigate the main barriers to diffusing photovoltaics for residential buildings from the public sector, private sector, and the people's perspectives in Norway. Furthermore, it analyzes solar development, policies, and models in different countries, and proposes a potential model and solutions to overcome barriers. The results show that the high initial costs of photovoltaics and limited information and awareness of the possible benefits are the main barriers for the people. For the private sector, limited funding and few pilot projects to learn from, as well as risk uncertainty are the main barriers. The main concern in the public sector is the low application of existing incentives. Public-private-people partnerships (PPPP) have a big potential to overcome these barriers by dividing the high initial costs into more affordable sums, facilitating the information flow among different sectors, and involving all three sectors to create new incentives. In addition, Norway is well-suited for PPPP, as the citizens pay much attention to sustainable development, and there is already a close collaboration between the public and private sectors in the energy sector. Finally, three concrete solutions using PPPP are proposed: design a co-investment solution, provide information sharing platforms, and create new incentives. Keywords: Barriers; Solar photovoltaics (PV); Norway; Public-private-people partnerships (PPPP)en_US
dc.publisherElsevier Scienceen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleBarriers and potential solutions to the diffusion of solar photovoltaics from the public-private-people partnership perspective – Case study of Norwayen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.source.journalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviewsen_US
dc.description.localcodeThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC-BY license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en_US

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