Analysis of Intra-Tumoral Macrophages and T Cells in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Indicates a Role for Immune Checkpoint and CD200-CD200R Interactions
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, accounting for nearly one-fifth of all cancer-related deaths. Immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors has become one of the most promising approaches in the treatment of advanced lung cancer, although beneficial responses are seen only in a proportion of patients. To improve immunotherapy treatment responses in lung cancer, we need to identify which immunosuppression mechanisms are activated in the tumor microenvironment. In this study, we investigated gene expression profiles in intra-tumoral immune cells in lung cancer, focusing on tumor-associated macrophages, and interactions with CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. Our data highlight two newly described immunosuppressive pathways, which may represent novel innate immune checkpoints dampening the anti-tumor T cell immune response in lung cancer. Our results substantiate the importance of tumor-associated macrophages as a mediator of immunosuppression and a promising target for immunotherapy.