Sonopermeation Enhances Uptake and Therapeutic Effect of Free and Encapsulated Cabazitaxel
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Delivery of drugs and nanomedicines to tumors is often heterogeneous and insufficient and, thus, of limited efficacy. Microbubbles in combination with ultrasound have been found to improve delivery to tumors, enhancing accumulation and penetration. We used a subcutaneous prostate cancer xenograft model in mice to investigate the effect of free and nanoparticle-encapsulated cabazitaxel in combination with ultrasound and microbubbles with a lipid shell or a shell of nanoparticles. Sonopermeation reduced tumor growth and prolonged survival (26%–100%), whether the free drug was co-injected with lipid-shelled microbubbles or the nanoformulation was co-injected with lipid-shelled or nanoparticle-shelled microbubbles. Coherently with the improved therapeutic response, we found enhanced uptake of nanoparticles directly after ultrasound treatment that lasted several weeks (2.3 × –15.8 × increase). Neither cavitation dose nor total accumulation of nanoparticles could explain the variation within treatment groups, emphasizing the need for a better understanding of the tumor biology and mechanisms involved in ultrasound-mediated treatment.