• B Vitamins and Hip Fracture: Secondary Analyses and Extended Follow-Up of Two Large Randomized Controlled Trials 

      Garcia Lopez, Maria; Bønaa, Kaare; Ebbing, Marta; Eriksen, Erik Fink; Gjesdal, Clara Gram; Nygård, Ottar; Tell, Grethe S.; Ueland, Per Magne; Meyer, Haakon E (Journal article, 2017)
      Elevated plasma homocysteine levels are associated with increased risk of fractures in observational studies. However, it is unsettled whether homocysteine-lowering treatment affects fracture risk. The aim of this study ...
    • Bacheloroppgaven - hvordan skal denne sjangeren forstås? En undersøkelse av bacheloroppgavens rammebetingelser 

      Stock, Ingrid (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      I kjølvannet av Kvalitetsreformen ble bacheloroppgaven innført på flere universiteter og høyskoler for å styrke bachelorgraden. I noen fag er oppgaven en helt ny sjanger som har ført til en del usikkerhet både blant faglærere ...
    • Back from the Past: DNA Barcodes and Morphology Support Ablabesmyia americana Fittkau as a Valid Species (Diptera: Chironomidae) 

      Stur, Elisabeth; da Silva, Fabio Laurindo; Ekrem, Torbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Abstract: Short, standardized gene fragments for species identification (DNA barcodes) have proven effective in delineating closely-related insect species, and can be critical characters to include in taxonomic studies. ...
    • Back through the back door? On removing supervisors to reduce hierarchy 

      Ingvaldsen, Jonas A; Benders, Josephus Gerardus Johannes Mar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Purpose This article addresses why movements towards less-hierarchical organizing may be unsustainable within organizations. Design/methodology/approach Eschewing hierarchy may prove sustainable if alternative forms of ...
    • Back to Basics: Overdiagnosis Is About Unwarranted Diagnosis 

      Hofmann, Bjørn Morten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Epidemiologic studies of overdiagnosis are challenged by unclear definitions and the absence of unified measures. This spurs great controversies. Etymologically, overdiagnosis means too much diagnosis and stems from the ...
    • Back to the Future: The potential of Intergenerational Justice for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals 

      Oliveira, Rita Vasconcellos (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The establishment of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) bolstered momentum to achieve a sustainable future. Undeniably, the welfare of future generations is a fundamental value of sustainable development since the ...
    • Back to the futures: Retrospecting the prospects of smart grid technology 

      Skjølsvold, Tomas Moe (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      This paper analyzes a ten-year long technology debate, which dealt with the so-called advanced electricity meters in Norway (1998–2008). The debate circled around one central question: should the implementation of this ...
    • Back-Dropout Transfer Learning for Action Recognition 

      Ren, Huamin; Kanhabua, Nattiya; Møgelmose, Andreas; Liu, Weifeng; Kulkarni, Kaustubh; Escalera, Sergio; Baró, Xavier; Moeslund, Thomas B. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Transfer learning aims at adapting a model learned from source dataset to target dataset. It is a beneficial approach especially when annotating on the target dataset is expensive or infeasible. Transfer learning has ...
    • Backbone 1H, 13C and 15N chemical shift assignment of full-length human uracil DNA glycosylase UNG2 

      Buchinger, Edith; Wiik, Siv Åshild; Kusnierczyk, Anna; Rabe, Renana; Aas, Per Arne; Kavli, Bodil Merete; Slupphaug, Geir; Aachmann, Finn Lillelund (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Human uracil N-glycosylase isoform 2—UNG2 consists of an N-terminal intrinsically disordered regulatory domain (UNG2 residues 1–92, 9.3 kDa) and a C-terminal structured catalytic domain (UNG2 residues 93–313, 25.1 kDa). ...
    • Backbone and side-chain 1H, 13C, and 15N chemical shift assignments for the apo-form of the lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase NcLPMO9C 

      Courtade, Gaston; Wimmer, Reinhard; Dimarogona, Maria; Sandgren, Mats; Eijsink, Vincent; Aachmann, Finn Lillelund (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The apo-form of the 23.3 kDa catalytic domain of the AA9 family lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase NcLPMO9C from Neurospora crassa has been isotopically labeled and recombinantly expressed in Pichia pastoris. In this paper, ...
    • Backcasting in futures studies: a synthesized scholarly and planning approach to strategic smart sustainable city development 

      Bibri, Simon Elias (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Backcasting as a scholarly and planning approach is increasingly used in futures studies in fields related to urban sustainability as an alternative to traditional planning approaches and a formal element of future strategic ...
    • Background invertebrate herbivory on dwarf birch (Betula glandulosa-nana complex) increases with temperature and precipitation across the tundra biome 

      Barrio, Isabel C.; Lindén, Elin; te Beest, Mariska; Olofsson, Johan; Rocha, Adrian; Soininen, Eeva M; Alatalo, Juha M.; Andersson, Tommi; Asmus, Ashley; Boike, Julia; Bråthen, Kari Anne; Bryant, John P.; Buchwal, Agata; Bueno, C. Guillermo; Christie, Katherine S.; Denisova, Yulia V.; Egelkraut, Dagmar; Ehrich, Dorothee; Fishback, LeeAnn; Forbes, Bruce C.; Gartzia, Maite; Grogan, Paul; Hallinger, Martin; Heijmans, Monicque M.P.D.; Hik, David S.; Hofgaard, Annika; Holmgren, Milena; Høye, Toke T.; Huebner, Diane C.; Jonsdottir, Ingibjørg; Kaarlejärvi, Elina; Kumpula, Timo; Lange, Cynthia Y.M.J.G.; Lange, Jelena; Lévesque, Esther; Limpens, Juul; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Myers-Smith, Isla; Van Nieukerken, Erik J.; Normand, Signe; Post, Eric S.; Schmidt, Niels Martin; Sitters, Judith; Skoracka, Anna; Sokolov, Alexander; Sokolova, Natalya; Speed, James David Mervyn; Street, Lorna E.; Sundqvist, Maja K.; Suominen, Otso; Tananaev, Nikita; Tremblay, Jean-Pierre; Urbanowicz, Christine; Uvarov, Sergey A.; Watts, David; Wilmking, Martin; Wookey, Philip A.; Zimmermann, Heike H.; Zverev, Vitali; Kozlov, Mikhail V. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Chronic, low intensity herbivory by invertebrates, termed background herbivory, has been understudied in tundra, yet its impacts are likely to increase in a warmer Arctic. The magnitude of these changes is however hard to ...
    • Backing out Expectations from Hydropower Release Time Series 

      Boger, Maren; Fleten, Stein-Erik; Pichler, Alois; Keppo, Jussi; Vestbøstad, Einar Midttun (Conference object; Journal article; Preprint, 2017)
      Our goal is to study how price expectations are formed in an electricity market. In the context of a single hydropower producer in the Nordic market, we expect the forward curve to have a strong influence. The alternative ...
    • Backlash estimation for industrial flexible drive-train systems 

      Papageorgiou, Dimitrios; Blanke, Mogens; Niemann, Hans Henrik; Richter, Jan H. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Backlash in gearing and other transmission components is a common positioning-degrading phenomenon that develops over time in industrial machines. High-performance machine tool controls use backlash compensation algorithms ...
    • Backscattering in helical edge states from a magnetic impurity and Rashba disorder 

      Kimme, Lukas; Rosenow, Bernd; Brataas, Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Transport by helical edge states of a quantum spin Hall insulator is experimentally characterized by a weakly temperature-dependent mean free path of a few microns and by reproducible conductance oscillations, challenging ...
    • Backward magnetostatic surface spin waves in coupled Co/FeNi bilayers 

      Song, Wenjie; Wang, Xiansi; Wang, Wenfeng; Jiang, Changjun; Wang, Xiangrong; Chai, Guozhi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Spin waves (SWs) in coupled Co/FeNi bilayers are probed by the Brillouin light‐scattering technique. Two types of SWs, magnetostatic surface spin waves (MSSWs) and perpendicular standing SWs, are identified. The dispersion ...
    • Bacterial Adhesion to Ultrafiltration Membranes: Role of Hydrophilicity, Natural Organic Matter, and Cell-Surface Macromolecules 

      Binahmed, Sara; Hasane, Anissa; Wang, Zhaoxing; Mansurov, Aslan; Romero-Vargas Castrillon, Santiago (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Insight into the mechanisms underlying bacterial adhesion is critical to the formulation of membrane biofouling control strategies. Using AFM-based single-cell force spectroscopy, we investigated the interaction between ...
    • Bacterial community composition responds to changes in copepod abundance and alters ecosystem function in an Arctic mesocosm study 

      Tsagaraki, Tatiana Margo; Pree, Bernadette; Leiknes, Øystein; Larsen, Aud; Bratbak, Gunnar; Øvreås, Lise; Egge, Jorun Karin; Spanek, Roman; Paulsen, Maria Lund; Olsen, Yngvar; Vadstein, Olav; Thingstad, T. Frede (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Combining a minimum food web model with Arctic microbial community dynamics, we have suggested that top-down control by copepods can affect the food web down to bacterial consumption of organic carbon. Pursuing this ...
    • Bacterial Load in Daily Urine Samples of Patients Infected with Mycoplasma genitalium, Mutation Analysis, and Response to Treatment 

      Gossé, Marianne; Nordbø, Svein Arne; Pukstad, Brita (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Objective. Increasing macrolide resistant strains of Mycoplasma genitalium is a challenge, and to differentiate between treatment failure and reinfection a timely test of cure (TOC) is warranted. The aim of this study was ...
    • Bacterial secretion systems and regulation of inflammasome activation 

      Ratner, Dmitry; Ørning, Mathias Pontus; Lien, Egil (Journal article, 2017)
      Innate immunity is critical for host defenses against pathogens, but many bacteria display complex ways of interacting with innate immune signaling, as they may both activate and evade certain pathways. Gram‐negative ...