• Influence of H2 on the Oxygen-Assisted Dehydrogenation of Ethane over Al2O3-supported Pt–Sn Catalysts 

      Radstake, Paul B.; Rønning, Magnus; Holmen, Anders (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The oxygen-assisted dehydrogenation of ethane at 650 °C shows that adding Sn to the Pt catalyst results in increased conversion and selectivity to ethylene. Even the smallest amount of tin (0.16 wt%) has a significant ...
    • Iodinated contrast media and their effect on thyroid function – Routines and practices among diagnostic imaging departments in Norway 

      Rusandu, Albertina; Sjøvold, Bjørnar Heggdal; Hofstad, Edvin; Reidunsdatter, Randi Johansen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Introduction In order to minimise adverse effects or patient injuries related to the effect of iodinated contrast media (ICM) on the thyroid, international guidelines and research recommend developing routines for ...
    • Iodine status and iodised salt consumption in portuguese school-aged children: The iogeneration study 

      Leite, Joao Costa; Keating, Elisa; Pestana, Diogo; Fernandes, Virginia Cruz; Maia, Maria Luz; Norberto, Sonia; Pinto, Edgar; Moreira-Rosario, Andre; Sintra, Diana; Moreira, Barbara; Costa, Ana; Silva, Sofia; Costa, Vera; Martins, Ines; Mendes, Francisca Castro; Queiros, Pedro; Peixoto, Bruno; Caldas, Jose Carlos; Guerra, Antonio; Fontoura, Manuel; Leal, Sandra; Moreira, Roxana; Carvalho, Irene Palmares; Lima, Rui Matias; Martins, Catia; Delerue-Matos, Cristina; Almeida, Agostinho; Azevedo, Luís; Calhau, Conceição (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The World Health Organization promotes salt iodisation to control iodine deficiency. In Portugal, the use of iodised salt in school canteens has been mandatory since 2013. The present study aimed to evaluate iodine status ...
    • IoT Sensor Gym: Training Autonomous IoT Devices with Deep Reinforcement Learning 

      Murad, Abdulmajid Abdullah Yahya; Kraemer, Frank Alexander; Bach, Kerstin; Taylor, Gavin (Chapter, 2019)
      We describe IoT Sensor Gym, a framework to train the behavior of constrained IoT devices using deep reinforcement learning. We focus on the main architectural choices to align problems from the IoT domain with cutting-edge ...
    • IP-10 differentiates between active and latent tuberculosis irrespective of HIV status and declines during therapy 

      Wergeland, Ida; Pullar, Nadine Durema; Assmus, Jörg; Ueland, Thor; Tonby, Kristian; Feruglio, Siri; Kvale, Dag; Damås, Jan Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Objectives: Biomarkers for diagnosis and therapy efficacy in tuberculosis (TB) are requested. We have studied biomarkers that may differentiate between active and latent TB infection (LTBI), the influence of HIV infection ...
    • IPD governance implications 

      Andersen, Bjørn Sørskot; Klakegg, Ole Jonny; Walker, Derek H.T. (Chapter, 2019)
      Interest in project-management (PM) governance has grown steadily over the past decade. Turner (2006) introduced, over a decade ago, the role of governance (based on a definition of corporate governance) in the development ...
    • Iris Recognition in Visible Wavelength: Impact and automated Detection of Glasses 

      Osorio-Roig, Daile; Drozdowski, Pawel; Rathgeb, Christian; Morales-González, Annette; Garea-Llano, Eduardo; Busch, Christoph (Chapter, 2018)
      The prevalence of visual impairment around the world is rapidly increasing, causing large numbers of people to wear glasses. Glasses are generally considered an important noise source in iris recognition; under objective ...
    • Iron cycling in a mesocosm experiment in a north Patagonian fjord: Potential effect of ammonium addition by salmon aquaculture 

      Sanchez, Nicolas; Bizsel, Nyhayet; Iriarte, Jose Luis; Olsen, Lasse Mork; Ardelan, Murat Van (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Salmon aquaculture in Chile has been a rapidly growing industry, generating increasing inputs of organic matter and inorganic nutrients into the ecosystem. We studied the potential impacts of ammonium input by this industry ...
    • Iron oxide nanoparticles induce cytokine secretion in a complement-dependent manner in a human whole blood model 

      Wolf-Grosse, Susann; Rokstad, Anne Mari; Ali, Syed; Lambris, JD; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Nilsen, Asbjørn Magne; Stenvik, Jørgen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Abstract: Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) are promising nanomaterials for biomedical applications. However, their inflammatory potential has not been fully established. Here, we used a lepirudin anti-coagulated human whole ...
    • Iron oxide nanoparticles modulate lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory responses in primary human monocytes 

      Grosse, Susann; Stenvik, Jørgen; Nilsen, Asbjørn Magne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Co-stimulation of the immune system to more than one agent concomitantly is very common in real life, and considering the increasing use of engineered nanoparticles and nanomaterials, it is highly relevant to assess the ...
    • Iron Separation from Bauxite Through Smelting-Reduction Process 

      Sellæg, Hanne; Kolbeinsen, Leiv; Safarian, Jafar (Chapter, 2017)
      In the alumina production process through the dominant commercial Bayer process red mud, which is not consumable and causes serious environmental challenges is produced. Alternative sustainable process for bauxite treatment ...
    • Irritable bowel syndrome-like symptoms and health related quality of life two years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass - a prospective cohort study 

      Høgestøl, Ingvild Kristine; Aasbrenn, Martin; Chahal-Kummen, Monica; Brunborg, Cathrine; Eribe, Inger; Kristinsson, Jon Adalsteinn; Farup, Per Grønaas; Mala, Tom (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is prevalent in patients with morbid obesity. After Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) chronic abdominal pain is common, however the etiology is largely unknown. We aimed to study ...
    • Is a net life cycle balance for energy and materials achievable for a zero emission single-family building in Norway? 

      Kristjansdottir, Torhildur Fjola; Houlihan Wiberg, Aoife Anne Marie; Andresen, Inger; Georges, Laurent; Heeren, Niko; Good, Clara; Brattebø, Helge (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      In this study, the objective is to redesign a previous concept for a single-family Zero greenhouse gas Emission Building (ZEB). The concept is redesigned based on comparing greenhouse gas (GHG) emission loads and compensation ...
    • Is a Smarter Grid Also Riskier? 

      Bernsmed, Karin; Jaatun, Martin Gilje; Frøystad, Christian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The smart grid evolution digitalizes the traditional power distribution grid, by integrating information communication technology into its operation and control. A particularly interesting challenge is the integration of ...
    • Is ambient light during the high Arctic polar night sufficient to act as a visual cue for zooplankton? 

      Cohen, Jonathan H.; Berge, Jørgen; Moline, Mark A.; Sørensen, Asgeir Johan; Last, Kim; Falk-Petersen, Stig; Renaud, Paul; Leu, Eva; Grenvald, Julie Cornelius; Cottier, Finlo; Cronin, Heather; Menze, Sebastian; Norgren, Petter; Varpe, Øystein; Daase, Malin; Darnis, Gérald; Johnsen, Geir (Journal article, 2015)
      The light regime is an ecologically important factor in pelagic habitats, influencing a range of biological processes. However, the availability and importance of light to these processes in high Arctic zooplankton communities ...
    • Is basal metabolic rate associated with recruit production and survival in free-living house sparrows? 

      Rønning, Bernt; Broggi, Juli; Bech, Claus; Moe, Børge; Ringsby, Thor Harald; Pärn, Henrik; Hagen, Ingerid Julie; Sæther, Bernt-Erik; Jensen, Henrik; Grindstaff, Jennifer (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Life history theory predicts that available energy is limited and needs to be allocated among different processes such as growth, reproduction and self-maintenance. Basal metabolic rate (BMR), a common measure of an animal's ...
    • Is Beauty in the Hand of the Writer? Influences of Aesthetic Preferences through Script Directions, Cultural, and Neurological Factors: A Literature Review 

      Page, Alexander Gamst; Chris, McManus; González, Carmen P.; Chahboun, Sobh (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Human experience surrounding the appreciation of beauty is not static. Many factors such as script direction and cultural differences directly impact whether, how and why we consider images beautiful. In an earlier study, ...
    • Is Beta Dead for Commodities? 

      Westgaard, Sjur; Steen, Marie Gotteberg (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Analyzing the relationship between stocks and commodities is important for investors using commodities as a part of their asset allocation. The commodity beta measures how much the commodity return will fall/rise (in ...
    • Is chronic low back pain a risk factor for diabetes? The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study 

      HEUCH, INGRID; Heuch, Ivar; Hagen, Knut; Sørgjerd, Elin Pettersen; Åsvold, Bjørn Olav; Zwart, John-Anker (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the risk of diabetes associated with the presence or absence of chronic low back pain, considering both cross-sectional and cohort data. Research design and methods ...
    • Is COLREG enough? Interaction between manned and unmanned ships 

      Porathe, Thomas (Chapter, 2017)
      In recent years, there has been a growing interest for autonomous unmanned shipping. Both from research and industry. Between 2013-2015 the EU-project MUNIN investigated the feasibility of trans-ocean unmanned shipping. ...