Moving element analysis of high-speed train-slab track system considering discrete rail pads
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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This paper presents a study of the dynamic behavior of a coupled train-slab track system considering discrete rail pads. The slab track is modeled as a three-layer Timoshenko beam. The study is carried out using the moving element method (MEM). By introducing a convected coordinate system moving at the same speed as the vehicle, the governing equations of motion of the slab track are formulated in a moving frame-of-reference. By adopting Galerkin’s method, the element stiffness, mass and damping matrices of a truncated slab track in the moving coordinate system are derived. The vehicle is modeled as a multi-body with 10 degrees of freedom. The nonlinear Hertz contact model is used to account for the wheel–rail interaction. The Newmark integration method, in conjunction with a global Newton–Raphson iteration algorithm, is employed to solve the nonlinear dynamic equations of motion of the vehicle–track coupled system. The proposed MEM model of the system is validated through comparison with available results in the literature. Further study is then made to investigate the vehicle–track system accounting for track irregularities modeled as short harmonic wave forms. Results showed that irregularities with short wavelengths have a significant effect on wheel–rail contact force and rail acceleration, and the dynamic response of the track structure does not increase monotonously with the increase of the vehicle speed.