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dc.contributor.authorMangaroska, Katerina
dc.contributor.authorVesin, Boban
dc.contributor.authorMartinez‐Maldonado, Roberto
dc.contributor.authorGašević, Dragan
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Computer Assisted Learning. 2021, .en_US
dc.description.abstractMultimodal data have the potential to explore emerging learning practices that extend human cognitive capacities. A critical issue stretching in many multimodal learning analytics (MLA) systems and studies is the current focus aimed at supporting researchers to model learner behaviours, rather than directly supporting learners. Moreover, many MLA systems are designed and deployed without learners' involvement. We argue that in order to create MLA interfaces that directly support learning, we need to gain an expanded understanding of how multimodal data can support learners' authentic needs. We present a qualitative study in which 40 computer science students were tracked in an authentic learning activity using wearable and static sensors. Our findings outline learners' curated representations about multimodal data and the non‐technical challenges in using these data in their learning practice. The paper discusses 10 dimensions that can serve as guidelines for researchers and designers to create effective and ethically aware student‐facing MLA innovationsen_US
dc.publisherWiley Online Libraryen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleChallenges and opportunities of multimodal data in human learning: The computer science students' perspectiveen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.source.journalJournal of Computer Assisted Learningen_US
dc.description.localcodeThis is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made. © 2021 The Authors. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.en_US

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal
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