Possible odd-frequency Amperean magnon-mediated superconductivity in topological insulator–ferromagnetic insulator bilayer
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionPhysical review B (PRB). 2020, 102 (125429), . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.102.125429
We study the magnon-mediated pairing between fermions on the surface of a topological insulator (TI) coupled to a ferromagnetic insulator with a tilted mean field magnetization. Tilting the magnetization toward the interfacial plane reduces the magnetic band gap and leads to a shift in the effective TI dispersions. We derive and solve the self-consistency equation for the superconducting gap in two different situations, where we neglect or include the frequency dependence of the magnon propagator. Neglecting the frequency dependence results in p-wave Amperean solutions. We also find that tilting the magnetization into the interface plane favors Cooper pairs with center-of-mass momenta parallel to the magnetization vector, increasing Tc compared to the out-of-plane case. Including the frequency dependence of the magnon propagator, and solving for a low number of Matsubara frequencies, we find that the eigenvectors of the Amperean solutions at the critical temperature are dominantly odd in frequency and even in momentum, thus opening the possibility for odd-frequency Amperean pairing.