Error reduction through post processing for wireless capsule endoscope video
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionEURASIP Journal on Image and Video Processing. 2020, 14 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13640-020-00503-9
The wireless capsule endoscope (WCE) is a pill-sized device taking images, which are transmitting to an on-body receiver, while traveling through the digestive system. Since image data is transmitted through the human body, which is a harsh medium for electromagnetic wave propagation, noise may at times heavily corrupt the reconstructed image frames. A common way to combat noise is to use error-correcting codes. In addition one may also utilize inter- and intra frame correlation to reduce the impact of noise at the receiver side, placing no extra demand on the WCE. However, it is then of great importance that the chosen post processing methods do not alter the content of the image as this can lead to miss-detection by gastroenterologists. In this paper we will investigate the possibility for additional noise suppression and error concealment at the receiver side in a high intensity error regime. Due to the high correlation generally inherent in WCE video, satisfactory results are obtained, as concluded from both subjective tests with gastroenterologists as well as the structural similarity (SSIM) metric. More surprisingly, the subjective tests indicate that the inpainted frames in many cases can be used for clinical assessment. These results indicate that one can apply error reduction through post processing together with error-correcting codes to obtain a more noise-robust system without any further demand on the WCE.