Negative fragment answers
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This chapter discusses the interaction of negation with fragment answers. The ability to use negative concorditems as fragment answers has been taken as evidence their having aninherent negative force; this chapter considers positions for and against this view, and what kind of assumptions (for the licensing of NCIs and/or for the interpretation of elliptical structure in fragments) would be required on each view, as well as considering the implications ofdouble-negation readings for NCI fragments, and the availability ofNPI fragments.The chapter also investigates thecooccurrence of a negator with a fragment answer (as in Who ate the cake? –Not John, anyway),exploring what ramifications such structures have for the syntax of fragments, and in particular for the choice between sententialist(elliptical)andnon-sententialist analyses of fragments.