Hydrogen dependence of the reaction mechanism and kinetics of water gas shift reaction on Ni catalyst: Experimental and DFT study
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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This paper presents a combined experimental and density functional theory study of the relative reactivity of surface species O*, OH*, and H* with CO* on nickel catalysts and their catalytic consequence in reaction mechanism and kinetics of water gas shift reaction. The kinetic study illustrates the hydrogen reaction order changes from 0.5 at relatively low hydrogen pressures to -1 at high hydrogen pressures. Detailed kinetic analysis indicated a hydrogen-induced change of the corresponding reaction pathway from hydrogen assisted CO activation to the redox mechanism with CO*+O* as a rate-determining step. The DFT investigation revealed that the surrounding surface H* atoms destabilize more significantly O* adsorption than H* adsorption, thus enhance more the reactivity of O* than H* towards reaction with CO* at high H* coverage. This kinetic study provides an insightful depiction for the future study of CO activation on other transition metals and the catalyst development for WGS reaction.