Transportable double-sided laser heating setup with variable configuration for in-situ synchrotron X-Ray diffraction, X-ray Transmission Microscopy and multimegabar pressure DACs experiments
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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The diamond anvil cell (DAC) technique combined with laser heating is one of the major methods for studying materials at high pressure and high temperature conditions. In this work, we present a transferable double-sided laser heating setup for DACs with in situ temperature determination. The setup allows precise heating of samples inside a DAC at pressures above 200 GPa and could be combined with synchrotron beamline equipment. It can be applied to X-ray diffraction and X-ray transmission microscopy experiments. In the setup, we use high-magnification and low working distance infinity corrected laser focusing objectives that enable us to decrease the size of the laser beam to less than 5 µm and achieve the maximum optical magnification of 320 times. All optical components of the setup were chosen to minimize chromatic and spatial aberrations for accurate in situ temperature determination by multiwavelength spectroscopy in the 570–830 nm spectral range. Flexible design of our setup allows simple interchange of laser sources and focusing optics for application in different types of studies. The setup was successfully tested in house and at the high-pressure diffraction beamline ID15B at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility. We demonstrate an example of application of the setup for the high pressure–high temperature powder diffraction study of PdH and X-ray transmission microscopy of platinum at 22(1) GPa as a novel method of melting detection in DACs.