Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorMorsund, Åse Hagen
dc.contributor.authorEllekjær, Hanne
dc.contributor.authorGramstad, Arne
dc.contributor.authorReiestad, Magnus Tallaksen
dc.contributor.authorMidgard, Rune
dc.contributor.authorSando, Sigrid Botne
dc.contributor.authorJonsbu, Egil
dc.contributor.authorNæss, Halvor
dc.identifier.citationStroke Research and Treatment. 2019, 2527384nb_NO
dc.description.abstractAim. To study the prevalence of cognitive and emotional impairment following a minor ischemic stroke compared to an age-matched group with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Methods. We included patients aged 18-70 years with a minor ischemic stroke defined as modified Rankin Scale (mRS) 0-2 at day 7 or at discharge if before and age-matched NSTEMI patients with the same functional mRS. We applied a selection of cognitive tests and the patients completed a questionnaire comprising of Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS) and Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) at follow-up 12 months after the vascular event. Results of cognitive tests were also compared to normative data. Results. 325 ischemic stroke and 144 NSTEMI patients were included. There was no significant difference in cognitive functioning between ischemic stroke and NSTEMI patients. Minor stroke patients and to a lesser extent NSTEMI patients scored worse on more complex cognitive functions including planning and implementation of activities compared to validated normative data. For the minor stroke patients the location of the ischemic lesion had no influence on the result. The prevalence of anxiety, depression, and fatigue was significantly higher in the stroke group compared to the NSTEMI group. Depression was independently associated with reduced cognitive function. Discussion and Conclusion. Minor ischemic stroke patients, and to lesser degree NSTEMI patients, had reduced cognitive function compared to normative data, especially executive functioning, on 12-month follow-up. The difference in cognitive function between stroke and NSTEMI patients was not significant. Depression was associated with low scores on cognitive tests highlighting the need to adequately address emotional sequelae when considering treatment options for cognitive disabilities.nb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleCognitive and Emotional Impairment after Minor Stroke and Non-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI): A Prevalence Studynb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.source.journalStroke Research and Treatmentnb_NO
dc.description.localcodeCopyright © 2019 Åse Hagen Morsund et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.nb_NO
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for nevromedisin og bevegelsesvitenskap
cristin.unitnameMedisinsk klinikk
cristin.unitnameFakultet for medisin og helsevitenskap
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for psykisk helse

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal