GABAA receptor subunit α3 in network dynamics in the medial entorhinal cortex
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonFrontiers in Systems Neuroscience. 2019, 13:10 1-8. 10.3389/fnsys.2019.00010
Layer II of the medial entorhinal cortex (MEC LII) contains the largest number of spatially modulated grid cells and is one of the first regions in the brain to express Alzheimer’s disease (AD)-related pathology. The most common principal cell type in MEC LII, reelin-expressing stellate cells, are grid cell candidates. Recently we found evidence that γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A receptor subunits show a specific distribution in MEC LII, in which GABAA α3 is selectively associated with reelin-positive neurons, with limited association with the other principal cell type, calbindin (CB)-positive pyramidal neurons. Furthermore, the expression of α3 subunit decreases in mice between P15 and P25, which coincides with the emergence of stable grid cell activity. It has been shown that the α3 subunit undergoes specific developmental changes and that it may exert pro-inflammatory actions if improperly regulated. In this review article, we evaluate the changing kinetics of α3-GABAA receptors (GABAARs). during development in relation to α3-subunit expression pattern in MEC LII and conclude that α3 could be closely related to the stabilization of grid cell activity and theta oscillations. We further conclude that dysregulated α3 may be a driving factor in early AD pathology.