Now showing items 215-234 of 1067

    • Data Adaptive 2-D Tracking Doppler for High-Resolution Spectral Estimation 

      Karabiyik, Yücel; Avdal, Jørgen; Ekroll, Ingvild Kinn; Fiorentini, Stefano; Torp, Hans; Løvstakken, Lasse (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Spectral broadening in pulsed-wave Doppler caused by the transit-time effect deteriorates the frequency resolution and may cause overestimation of maximum velocities in high-velocity blood flow regions and for large ...
    • Decidual and placental NOD1 is associated with inflammation in normal and preeclamptic pregnancies 

      Rakner, Johanne Johnsen; Silva, Gabriela; Mundal, Siv Boon; Thaning, Astrid Josefin; Elschot, Mattijs; Ostrop, Jenny; Thomsen, Liv Cecilie Vestrheim; Bjørge, Line; Gierman, Lobke; Iversen, Ann-Charlotte (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Introduction: Inflammation is a normal physiological process that increases to harmful levels in preeclampsia. It affects the interaction between maternal immune cells and fetal trophoblasts at both sites of the maternal-fetal ...
    • Deciphering osteoarthritis genetics across 826,690 individuals from 9 populations 

      Boer, Cindy G.; Hatzikotoulas, Konstantinos; Southam, Lorraine; Stefánsdóttir, Lilja; Almeida, Rodrigo Coutinho de; Zhang, Yanfei; Wu, Tian T.; Zheng, Jie; Hartley, April; Teder-Laving, Maris; Skogholt, Anne Heidi; Terao, Chikashi; Zengini, Eleni; Alexiadis, George; Barysenka, Andrei; Bjornsdottir, Gyda; Gabrielsen, Maiken Elvestad; Gilly, Arthur; Ingvarsson, Thorvaldur; Johnsen, Marianne Bakke; Jonsson, Helgi; Kloppenburg, Margreet; Luetge, Almut; Lund, Sigrun H; Magi, Reedik; Mangino, Massimo; Nelissen, Rob G.H.H.; Shivakumar, Manu; Steinberg, Julia; Takuwa, Hiroshi; Thomas, Laurent; Tuerlings, Margo; Babis, George C.; Cheung, Jason Pui Yin; Kang, Jae Hee; Kraft, Peter; Lietman, Steven A.; Samartzis, Dino; Slagboom, P. Eline; Stefansson, Kari; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Tobias, Jonathan H.; Uitterlinden, André G.; Winsvold, Bendik K S; Zwart, John Anker Henrik; Smith, George Davey; Sham, Pak Chung; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Hveem, Kristian; Zeggini, Eleftheria (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Osteoarthritis affects over 300 million people worldwide. Here, we conduct a genome-wide association study meta-analysis across 826,690 individuals (177,517 with osteoarthritis) and identify 100 independently associated ...
    • Delirium og kognitiv svikt blant eldre i norske akuttmottak 

      Evensen, Sigurd; Saltvedt, Ingvild; Ranhoff, Anette Hylen; Myrstad, Marius; Myrstad, Christian; Mellingsæter, Marte; Wang-Hansen, Marte Sofie; Neerland, Bjørn Erik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      BAKGRUNN Delirium er vanlig og underdiagnostisert blant pasienter på sykehus og er assosiert med komplikasjoner, økt dødelighet, demensutvikling og behov for sykehjemsplass. Kognitiv svikt av andre årsaker er også vanlig ...
    • The delirium screening tool 4AT in routine clinical practice: prediction of mortality, sensitivity and specificity 

      Evensen, Sigurd; Hylen Ranhoff, Anette; Lydersen, Stian; Saltvedt, Ingvild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Purpose Delirium is common and associated with poor outcomes, partly due to underdetection. We investigated if the delirium screening tool 4 A’s test (4AT) score predicts 1 year mortality and explored the sensitivity and ...
    • Demographical, personality, alcohol use, and mental health characteristics associated with different alcoholic beverage preferences among students 

      Erevik, Eilin K.; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Vedaa, Øystein; Andreassen, Cecilie Schou; Pallesen, Ståle (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The study investigates correlates (i.e. demographics, personality, alcohol use and alcohol-related harm, alcohol expectancies, and mental health) of different alcoholic beverage preferences (i.e. beer/alcopops/cider, wine, ...
    • Demographically adjusted trail making test norms in a Scandinavian sample from 41 to 84 years 

      Espenes, Johan Jacob; Hessen, Erik; Eliassen, Ingvild Vøllo; Waterloo, Knut; Eckerström, Marie; Sando, Sigrid Botne; Timón, Santiago; Wallin, Anders; Fladby, Tormod; Kirsebom, Bjørn-Eivind (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Objective The trail making test (TMT) is one of the most widely used neuropsychological tests. TMT-A provides measures of visual scanning/visuomotor speed and TMT-B involves additional demands on executive functions. ...
    • Dental caries in children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and controls: a multilevel analysis 

      Gil, Elisabeth G.; Åstrøm, Anne-Kristine N; Lie, Stein Atle; Rygg, Marite; Fischer, Johannes; Rosén, Annika; Bletsa, Athanasia; Luukko, Keijo; Shi, Xie-Qi; Halbig, Josefine; Frid, Paula; Cetrelli, Lena Elisabet; Tylleskär, Karin; Rosendahl, Karen; Skeie, Marit Slåttelid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Background Optimal utilization of dental caries data is crucial in epidemiological research of individuals with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The aims were to: explore whether caries is more prevalent among children ...
    • Depression and Quality of Life in Older Persons: A Review 

      Sivertsen, Heidi; Björklöf, Guro Hanevold; Selbæk, Geir; Engedal, Knut; Helvik, Anne-Sofie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Background: Depression is a prevalent and disabling condition in older persons (≥60 years) that increases the risk of mortality and negatively influences quality of life (QOL). The relationship between depression, or ...
    • Descent of fetal head during active pushing: secondary analysis of prospective cohort study investigating ultrasound examination before operative vaginal delivery 

      Kahrs, Birgitte Heiberg; Usman, Sana; Ghi, T; Youssef, A; Torkildsen, Erik A.; Lindtjørn, Elsa; Østborg, Tilde Broch; Benediktsdóttir, Sigurlaug; Brooks, L; Harmsen, Lotte; Salvesen, Kjell Å; Lees, C; Eggebø, Torbjørn Moe (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Objectives To investigate if descent of the fetal head during active pushing is associated with duration of operative vaginal delivery, mode of delivery and neonatal outcome in nulliparous women with prolonged second stage ...
    • Desflurane consumption with automated vapour control systems in two different anaesthesia machines. A randomized controlled study 

      Mostad, Dagmar; Klepstad, Pål; Follestad, Turid; Pleym, Hilde (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Background: In general anaesthesia practice a fresh gas flow (FGF) of ≥0.5 L/min is usually applied. Automated gas delivery devices are developed to reduce volatile anaesthetic consumption by limiting gas flow. This study ...
    • Designing Serious Games for Cyber Ranges: A Socio-technical Approach 

      Kianpour, Mazaher; Kowalski, Stewart James; Zoto, Erjon; Frantz, Christopher; Øverby, Harald (Chapter, 2019)
      Appropriate training is an effective solution to tackle the evolving threat landscape and conflicts in the cyber domain and to fulfill security requirements. Serious games demonstrate pedagogic effectiveness in this field, ...
    • Detection of recurrent prostate cancer with 18F-Fluciclovine PET/MRI 

      Selnæs, Kirsten Margrete; Krüger-Stokke, Brage; Elschot, Mattijs; Johansen, Håkon; Steen, Per Arvid; Langørgen, Sverre; Aksnessæther, Bjørg Yksnøy; Indrebø, Gunnar; Sjøbakk, Torill Eidhammer; Tessem, May-Britt; Moestue, Siver Andreas; Knobel, Heidi; Tandstad, Torgrim; Bertilsson, Helena; Solberg, Arne; Bathen, Tone Frost (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Objective: Simultaneous PET/MRI combines soft-tissue contrast of MRI with high molecular sensitivity of PET in one session. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate detection rates of recurrent prostate cancer by ...
    • Developing Cognition Endpoints for the CENTER-TBI Neuropsychological Test Battery 

      Stenberg, Jonas; Karr, Justin E.; Terry, Douglas P.; Saksvik, Simen Berg; Vik, Anne; Skandsen, Toril; Silverberg, Noah D.; Iverson, Grant L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background: Measuring cognitive functioning is common in traumatic brain injury (TBI) research, but no universally accepted method for combining several neuropsychological test scores into composite, or summary, scores ...
    • Development and course of chronic widespread pain: the role of time and pain characteristics (the HUNT pain study) 

      Landmark, Tormod; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Butler, Stephen; Kaasa, Stein; Borchgrevink, Petter Chr. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Chronic widespread pain (CWP) is common and associated with loss of functioning and health. Subjects with chronic nonwidespread pain (CnWP) are at increased risk of developing CWP, but few studies have described the nature ...
    • Development and delivery of patient treatment in the Trondheim Hip Fracture Trial. A new geriatric in-hospital pathway for elderly patients with hip fracture 

      Saltvedt, Ingvild; Prestmo, Anders; Einarsen, Elin Kristin; Johnsen, Lars Gunnar; Helbostad, Jorunn L.; Sletvold, Olav (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Background Hip fractures are common among frail elderly persons and often have serious consequences on function, mobility and mortality. Traditional treatment of these patients is performed in orthopedic departments without ...
    • Development of a rapid and simplified protocol for direct bacterial identification from positive blood cultures by using matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time-of- flight mass spectrometry. 

      Jakovljev, Aleksandra; Bergh, Kåre (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Background Bloodstream infections represent serious conditions carrying a high mortality and morbidity rate. Rapid identification of microorganisms and prompt institution of adequate antimicrobial therapy is of utmost ...
    • Development of national curriculum guidelines using a modified RAND/UCLA appropriateness method 

      Hill, Sophie; Rusaw, David F.; Goihl, Tobias; Hjerman, Anne Katrine; Bolstad Schwanborg, Linn; Bauge, Krister (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      In 2017, the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research implemented a project to develop curriculum guidelines for all health and social care programmes. The modified RAND/UCLA appropriateness method used by the group ...
    • Developmental Course and Risk Factors of Physical Aggression in Late Adolescence 

      Henriksen, Marit; Skrove, Marit Synnøve; Hoftun, Gry Børmark; Sund, Erik; Lydersen, Stian; Tseng, Wan-Ling; Sukhodolsky, Denis G. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      This study examined risk factors of physical aggression during transition from early to late adolescence using a two-wave longitudinal study. Specifically, we examined if risk factors in early adolescence predict physically ...
    • Developmental course of anxiety and depressive disorders from adolescence to young adulthood in a prospective Norwegian clinical cohort 

      Ranøyen, Ingunn; Lydersen, Stian; Larose, Tricia L; Weidle, Bernhard; Skokauskas, Norbert; Thomsen, Per Hove; Wallander, Jan Lance Anders; Indredavik, Marit Sæbø (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Anxiety and depression are often co-occurring disorders, reflecting both homotypic and heterotypic continuity as possible developmental pathways. The present study aimed to examine homotypic and heterotypic continuities ...