Nonlinear optical properties of polycrystalline silicon core fibers from telecom wavelengths into the mid-infrared spectral region
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionOptical Materials Express. 2019, 9 (3), 1271-1279. 10.1364/OME.9.001271
Polycrystalline silicon core fibers (SCFs) fabricated via the molten core drawing (MCD) method are emerging as a flexible optoelectronic platform. Here, the optical transmission properties of MCD SCFs that have been tapered down to a few micrometer-sized core dimensions are characterized from the telecom band to the mid-infrared spectal regime. The SCFs exhibit low linear losses on the order of a few dB/cm over the entire wavelength range. Characterization of the two-photon absorption coefficient (βTPA) and nonlinear refractive index (n2) of the SCFs reveals values consistent with previous measurements of single crystal silicon materials, indicating the high optical quality of the polysilicon core material. The high nonlinear figure of merit obtained for wavelengths above 2 μm highlight the potential for these fibers to find application in infrared nonlinear photonics.