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dc.contributor.authorTukker, Arnold
dc.contributor.authorde Koning, Arjan
dc.contributor.authorOwen, Anne
dc.contributor.authorLutter, Stephan
dc.contributor.authorBruckner, Martin
dc.contributor.authorGiljum, Stefan
dc.contributor.authorStadler, Konstantin
dc.contributor.authorWood, Richard
dc.contributor.authorHoekstra, Rutger
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Industrial Ecology. 2018, 22 (3), 585-598.nb_NO
dc.description.abstractGlobal multiregional input‐output databases (GMRIOs) became the standard tool for tracking environmental impacts through global supply chains. To date, several GMRIOs are available, but the numerical results differ. This paper considers how GMRIOs can be made more robust and authoritative. We show that GMRIOs need detail in environmentally relevant sectors. On the basis of a review of earlier work, we conclude that the highest uncertainty in footprint analyses is caused by the environmental data used in a GMRIO, followed by the size of country measured in gross domestic product (GDP) as fraction of the global total, the structure of the national table, and only at the end the structure of trade. We suggest the following to enhance robustness of results. In the short term, we recommend using the Single country National Accounts Consistent footprint approach, that uses official data for extensions and the national table for the country in question, combined with embodiments in imports calculated using a GMRIO. In a time period of 2 to 3 years, we propose work on harmonized environmental data for water, carbon, materials, and land, and use the aggregated Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Inter‐Country Input‐Output GMRIO as default in combination with detailing procedures developed in, for example, the EXIOBASE and Eora projects. In the long term, solutions should be coordinated by the international organizations such as the United Nations (UN) Statistical Division, OECD, and Eurostat. This could ensure that when input‐output tables and trade data of individual countries are combined, that the global totals are consistent and that bilateral trade asymmetries are resolved.nb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleTowards robust, authoritative assessments of environmental impacts embodied in trade: Current state and recommendationsnb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.source.journalJournal of Industrial Ecologynb_NO
dc.description.localcode© 2018 The Authors. Journal of Industrial Ecology, published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc., on behalf of Yale University. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.nb_NO
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for energi- og prosessteknikk

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal