Tribological Behavior of Polymer Seal Materials in Water-Based Hydraulic Fluids
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionJournal of tribology. 2018, 140 (6), . 10.1115/1.4040078
In this work, two polymer materials have been tested in a lubricated reciprocating pin-on-plate contact geometry using water-based hydraulic fluids to simulate sliding conditions of seal materials used in offshore equipment. The effect of load, speed, water content of the lubricant, and soaking of the ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) and a polyketone (PK) sliding against a super-duplex stainless steel (SDSS) was studied. The results showed that for UHMWPE, an increase in normal force leads to a decrease in coefficient of friction for all velocities. While under the same sliding conditions, no relevant influence of load on friction coefficient was found for PK. On the other hand, an increase in sliding speed decreased the coefficient of friction for both materials. The effect of the water content of the hydraulic fluid on the tribological performance was also studied. In UHMWPE-SDSS system, increasing water content in the hydraulic fluid resulted in steady growth of the transfer film. One reason for this might be the decreasing lubricant viscosity, which moves the system toward the boundary lubrication regime. In addition, it was found that the incubation of both UHMWPE and PK in water-based lubricants showed a beneficial effect on friction and wear, which was explained by the change in polymer visco-elastic behavior.