Enhanced in-plane ferroelectricity in BaTiO3 thin films fabricated by aqueous chemical solution deposition
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Ferroelectric BaTiO3 is widely used in capacitors, but the low Curie temperature limits a further use of BaTiO3. In this work we present an aqueous chemical solution deposition (CSD) route for BaTiO3 thin films, demonstrating that organic solvents are not required for CSD. Textured BaTiO3 thin films were deposited on SrTiO3 substrates. The in-plane dielectric properties were investigated using interdigitated electrodes and ferroelectric switching was observed up to 160±5 °C. The increased Curie temperature is proposed to result from thermal strain due to a mismatch in thermal expansion coefficient between the film and the substrate, and is in good agreement with the theory of strain engineering in BaTiO3. Finally, the decomposition and crystallization of BaTiO3 during thermal treatment were determined by the combination of thermal analysis, IR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction of powder prepared from the solution.