Investigation of the Doubly Fed Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine
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- Institutt for elkraftteknikk 
This master thesis treats the research of a novel generator with converter design called Doubly Fed Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine , DF-PMSM, patented by SmartMotor. The thesis includes an introduction to the machine, a state-of-the-art survey, a hydro power case, simulations and a laboratory experiment. The DF-PMSM concept adds an important feature to fixed speed PMSM systems; the reactive power can be regulated. Compared to a direct coupled PMSM the DF-PMSM concept can add voltage control (by controlling the reactive power) in addition to active power control. The concept is based on a 6-phase Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine where the windings are grouped into two sets of 3-phase, both situated in the stator. These winding sets are named control and power winding, named after their purpose in the design. The control winding is routed through a converter with active-front-end rectifier. It will be used to control the reactive power and the active power from the control winding. The power winding will carry most of the generated power, directly coupled and in sync with the voltages of the connected grid. The state-of-the-art survey includes constant speed and variable speed generators utilized in hydro power generation today. It also includes some general info about doubly fed and multiphase machines. The grid regulations for Norway are also investigated to give a pointer to what requirements that the DF-PMSM needs to fulfill to be connected to the grid. The machine simulations are done in LTspice where machine simulation models are developed for this purpose. Simulation of machine startup and changes is load is done. The simulation models are developed as hierarchical sub blocks that can be re used in later simulation cases. The laboratory is done with two machines in back-to-back configuration with industry standard converters. The DF-PMSM is made from a 3-phase permanent magnet machine that is rewired to a 6-phase configuration. The laboratory exercise includes start up, synchronization of the power winding to the grid, machine loading and reactive power compensation by the active front end converter. The DF-PMSM is confirmed working and design considerations are given based experience gained from working with this design. All of this information is included in this report and the further work needed before this machine is constructed and sold is sketched in the conclusion.