Vis enkel innførsel

dc.contributor.authorWlodarczyk, Dorota
dc.contributor.authorChylińska, Joanna
dc.contributor.authorLazarewicz, Magdalena Anna
dc.contributor.authorRzadkiewicz, Marta
dc.contributor.authorJaworski, Mariusz
dc.contributor.authorAdamus, Miroslawa
dc.contributor.authorHaugan, Gørill
dc.contributor.authorLillefjell, Monica
dc.contributor.authorEspnes, Geir Arild
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Medical Internet Research. 2017, 19 (2), 1-19.nb_NO
dc.description.abstractBackground: Demographic changes over the past decades call for the promotion of health and disease prevention for older patients, as well as strategies to enhance their independence, productivity, and quality of life. Objective: Our objective was to examine the effects of a computer-based educational intervention designed for general practitioners (GPs) to promote active aging. Methods: The Promoting Active Aging (PRACTA) study consisted of a baseline questionnaire, implementation of an intervention, and a follow-up questionnaire that was administered 1 month after the intervention. A total of 151 primary care facilities (response rate 151/767, 19.7%) and 503 GPs (response rate 503/996, 50.5%) agreed to participate in the baseline assessment. At the follow-up, 393 GPs filled in the questionnaires (response rate, 393/503, 78.1%), but not all of them took part in the intervention. The final study group of 225 GPs participated in 3 study conditions: e-learning (knowledge plus skills modelling, n=42), a pdf article (knowledge only, n=89), and control (no intervention, n=94). We measured the outcome as scores on the Patients Expectations Scale, Communication Scale, Attitude Toward Treatment and Health Scale, and Self-Efficacy Scale. Results: GPs participating in e-learning demonstrated a significant rise in their perception of older patients’ expectations for disease explanation (Wald χ2=19.7, P<.001) and in perception of motivational aspect of older patients’ attitude toward treatment and health (Wald χ2=8.9, P=.03) in comparison with both the control and pdf article groups. We observed additional between-group differences at the level of statistical trend. GPs participating in the pdf article intervention demonstrated a decline in self-assessed communication, both at the level of global scoring (Wald χ2=34.5, P<.001) and at the level of 20 of 26 specific behaviors (all P<.05). Factors moderating the effects of the intervention were the number of patients per GP and the facility’s organizational structure. Conclusions: Both methods were suitable, but in different areas and under different conditions. The key benefit of the pdf article intervention was raising doctors’ reflection on limitations in their communication skills, whereas e-learning was more effective in changing their perception of older patients’ proactive attitude, especially among GPs working in privately owned facilities and having a greater number of assigned patients. Although we did not achieve all expected effects of the PRACTA intervention, both its forms seem promising in terms of enhancing the competencies of doctors in communication with and activation of older patients.nb_NO
dc.publisherJMIR Publicationsnb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleEnhancing GPs’ competencies in communication and activation of the elderly: results from the PRACTA computer-based intervention studynb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.source.journalJournal of Medical Internet Researchnb_NO
dc.description.localcode©Dorota Wlodarczyk, Joanna Chylińska, Magdalena Lazarewicz, Marta Rzadkiewicz, Mariusz Jaworski, Miroslawa Adamus, Gørill Haugan, Monica Lillefjell, Geir Arild Espnes. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (, 22.02.2017. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.nb_NO
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for samfunnsmedisin og sykepleie
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for nevromedisin og bevegelsesvitenskap

Tilhørende fil(er)


Denne innførselen finnes i følgende samling(er)

Vis enkel innførsel

Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Med mindre annet er angitt, så er denne innførselen lisensiert som Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal