Phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 is expressed in acute lymphoblastic leukemia and mediates leukemic cell adhesion, migration and drug resistance
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonOncoTarget. 2017, 9 (3), 3549-3561. 10.18632/oncotarget.23186
Phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 (PRL-3/PTP4A3) is upregulated in multiple cancers, including BCR-ABL1- and ETV6-RUNX-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). With this study, we aim to characterize the biological role of PRL-3 in B cell ALL (B-ALL). Here, we demonstrate that PRL-3 expression at mRNA and protein level was higher in B-ALL cells than in normal cells, as measured by qRT-PCR or flow cytometry. Further, we demonstrate that inhibition of PRL-3 using shRNA or a small molecular inhibitor reduced cell migration towards an SDF-1α gradient in the preB-ALL cell lines Reh and MHH-CALL-4. Knockdown of PRL-3 also reduced cell adhesion towards fibronectin in Reh cells. Mechanistically, PRL-3 mediated SDF-1α stimulated calcium release, and activated focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and Src, important effectors of migration and adhesion. Finally, PRL-3 expression made Reh cells more resistance to cytarabine treatment. In conclusion, the expression level of PRL-3 was higher in B-ALL cells than in normal cells. PRL-3 promoted adhesion, migration and resistance to cytarabine. PRL-3 may represent a novel target in the treatment of B-ALL.