Delay and Delay-Constrained Throughput Performance of a Wireless-Powered Communication System
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionIEEE Access. 2017, 5 21620-21631. 10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2760378
In this paper, the delay and delay-constrained throughput performance of a point-to-point wireless-powered communication system is investigated. In this system, the wireless-powered node, e.g., a user equipment (UE), receives data at the same time when powered from the other node, e.g., an access point (AP), and uses the harvested wireless energy to send data to the other node. The investigation focuses on the delay performance of sending data in the downlink (DL) from the AP node to the UE node and that in the uplink (UL) from the UE node to the AP node, based on which the throughput performance on both directions when delay constraints are enforced is also studied. To this aim, the cumulative service capacity of the service process is first analyzed for both DL and UL, taking into consideration the delay caused by the nontransmission phase for the AP or UE in each charging cycle. Thereafter, a general upper bound on the delay distribution for stochastic traffic arrivals is obtained for both DL and UL, based on which the delay-constrained throughput performance is further studied. In addition, to ensure the delay performance, the required energy storage capacity and wireless charging rate are investigated. The obtained results are exemplified with two specific traffic types, and the accuracy of the analysis is validated by comparison with extensive simulation results. The analysis and results shed new light on the performance of wireless-powered communication systems.