Effects of high-intensity training on physiological and hormonal adaptions in well-trained cyclists
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2017, 49 (6), 1137-1146. 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001214
Purpose: This study aimed to compare the effects of three different high-intensity training (HIT) models, balanced for total load but differing in training plan progression, on endurance adaptations. Methods: Sixty-three cyclists (peak oxygen uptake (V˙ O2peak) 61.3 T 5.8 mLIkgj1 Iminj1 ) were randomized to three training groups and instructed to follow a 12-wk training program consisting of 24 interval sessions, a high volume of low-intensity training, and laboratory testing. The increasing HIT group (n = 23) performed interval training as 4 16 min in weeks 1–4, 4 8 min in weeks 5–8, and 4 4 min in weeks 9–12. The decreasing HIT group (n = 20) performed interval sessions in the opposite mesocycle order as the increasing HIT group, and the mixed HIT group (n = 20) performed the interval prescriptions in a mixed distribution in all mesocycles. Interval sessions were prescribed as maximal session efforts and executed at mean values 4.7, 9.2, and 12.7 mmolILj1 blood lactate in 4 16-, 4 8-, and 4 4-min sessions, respectively (P G 0.001). Pre- and postintervention, cyclists were tested for mean power during a 40-min all-out trial, peak power output during incremental testing to exhaustion, V˙ O2peak, and power at 4 mmolILj1 lactate. Results: All groups improved 5%–10% in mean power during a 40-min all-out trial, peak power output, and V˙ O2peak postintervention (P G 0.05), but no adaptation differences emerged among the three training groups (P 9 0.05). Further, an individual response analysis indicated similar likelihood of large, moderate, or nonresponses, respectively, in response to each training group (P 9 0.05). Conclusions: This study suggests that organizing different interval sessions in a specific periodized mesocycle order or in a mixed distribution during a 12-wk training period has little or no effect on training adaptation when the overall training load is the same.