The influence of Lifshitz forces and gas on premelting of ice within porous materials
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonEurophysics letters. 2016, 115 (1), . 10.1209/0295-5075/115/13001
Premelting of ice within pores in earth materials is shown to depend on the presence of vapor layers. For thick vapor layers between ice and pore surfaces, a nanosized water sheet can be formed due to repulsive Lifshitz forces. In the absence of vapor layers, ice is inhibited from melting near pore surfaces. In between these limits, we find an enhancement of the water film thickness in silica and alumina pores. In the presence of metallic surface patches in the pore, the Lifshitz forces can dramatically widen the water film thickness, with potential complete melting of the ice surface.