An Investigation of Arctic Safety Events
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The Arctic is increasingly becoming an important area in Industry, Science, Tourism, and Education. With the increased activity, the number of accidents are increasing and causing a demand for better safety management. It is found that little research into the topic is previously conducted. In this Thesis, three datasets with incidents in the Svalbard region have been investigated, using a combination of accident concentration analysis, cause analysis and preventive strategies analysis. It is found that most accidents either occur during the spring or late summer period at Svalbard due to the scooter and maritime season respectively. Five incident types that are characteristic for the Arctic region has been identified; Assistance person, fall due to ice or snow, scooter incidents, unintentional discharge of weapons, and events that can not be foreseen. It is found that the operations at Store Norske Spitsbergen Kullkompani do not show any significant differences caused by being in the Arctic. The safety operations at the University of Svalbard are shown to have multiple challenges in both safety management systems and incident concentrations, and it is a combination of chance and good emergency response at UNIS that no fatalities have occurred. The UNIS operations are also shown to be adapt to ensure safe field activity despise of this.