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dc.contributor.authorMartinsen, Vegard
dc.contributor.authorMulder, Jan
dc.contributor.authorAustrheim, Gunnar
dc.contributor.authorHessen, Dag Olav
dc.contributor.authorMysterud, Atle
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-22T09:23:28Z
dc.date.available2017-11-22T09:23:28Z
dc.date.created2012-06-04T11:04:16Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.citationArctic, Antarctic and Alpine research. 2012, 44 (1), 67-82.nb_NO
dc.identifier.issn1523-0430
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11250/2467498
dc.description.abstractAlpine ecosystems are generally nitrogen (N) limited with low rates of N mineralization. Herbivory may affect N cycling and N losses and thus long-term productivity of ecosystems. Using a controlled grazing experiment in a low-alpine region at Hol, southern Norway, with three density levels of sheep, we determined effects of grazing on in situ availability of inorganic N, potential N mineralization, and mobility of dissolved inorganic N (DIN) and dissolved organic N (DON) in soil water of O-horizons in grazing-preferred grassland habitats. In addition, we studied the within-season and spatial variation of these processes. The low alpine grasslands at Hol were characterized by small rates of N mineralization and relatively large plant demands for N. Significantly greater rates of potential N mineralization were found at sites with high sheep density compared to those with low density or no grazing. Effects of grazing on bioavailable N (as determined by buried PRS™ exchange resins) were greater at low as compared to high altitudes. At low altitudes, low sheep density reduced amounts of bioavailable N. Nitrogen concentration of plants as a proxy of N availability in soils revealed, however, no significant effects of grazing. There was a strong seasonal effect on inorganic N and DIN∶DON ratios of the soil water, with decreasing values in the course of the growing season, probably due to increasing nutrient demand of plants and/or microbes. We conclude that grazing may significantly stimulate N-cycling, but not sufficiently to release the system from its strong N deficiency, as we found no evidence for short-term increased risk in N loss via soil water due to herbivore activity. Nitrogen removal through grazing is small compared to the total soil N pool and at high sheep density is about half of the N deposition. This suggests that grazing in grassland habitats in this low alpine ecosystem is sustainable from a nutrient point of view.nb_NO
dc.language.isoengnb_NO
dc.publisherUniversity of Colorado at Boulder, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Researchnb_NO
dc.titleEffects of Sheep Grazing on Availability and Leaching of Soil Nitrogen in Low-Alpine Grasslandsnb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.description.versionpublishedVersionnb_NO
dc.source.pagenumber67-82nb_NO
dc.source.volume44nb_NO
dc.source.journalArctic, Antarctic and Alpine researchnb_NO
dc.source.issue1nb_NO
dc.identifier.doi10.1657/1938-4246-44.1.67
dc.identifier.cristin927602
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 179569nb_NO
dc.description.localcode© 2012 University of Colorado at Boulder, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Researchnb_NO
cristin.unitcode194,31,10,0
cristin.unitnameSeksjon for naturhistorie
cristin.ispublishedtrue
cristin.fulltextoriginal
cristin.qualitycode1


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