Nakent liv og lovens problematikk : en undersøkelse ut ifra Giorgio Agambens politiske filosofi
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In this thesis I explore the relationship between bare life and the law based on Giorgio Agambens theoretical position. To Agamben politics exist because humans exclude their natural life from their own self, thus exposing their natural life to the sovereign power of the law over life and death; making it bare life. His paradigmatic form of bare life is the figure of homo sacer, a life that is paradoxically included in the law only because it is explicitly excluded from it, revealing the relation between bare life and the law in its suspended state; where it is merely the reign of law without a normative content. Bare life is necessarily present in everyone as the body – prompting my exploration of latent and conditional forms of bare life, in addition to the manifest form Agamben explores with homo sacer. Understood as the fundamental structure of political life, the relation between bare life and the law appear as antecedent to the institutional structures we commonly associate with the political order. These structures are shown to not be the origins of the political power that bare life is exposed to, merely structures within the political space created by the law, while the power originate from the political conversation within the community. Since humans are political beings, the purpose of the law is to establish a space wherein human life can be realised as a political life, and where we can establish ourselves as political figures who partake in the political community with others. Our bare life is thus only protected by law and the political order, when it is the foundation of a political being. Since a body is not necessarily recognised as a political being in itself, bare life is and will always be exposed to the power present in the political order, thus making its complex relation to the law of interest.