Sensitivity of wave fatigue loads on offshore wind turbines under varying site conditions
Journal article, Peer reviewed
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionEnergy Procedia 2015, 80:193-200 10.1016/j.egypro.2015.11.422
Considerable variations in environmental site conditions can exist within large offshore wind farms leading to divergent fatigue loads on support structures. An efficient frequency-domain method to calculate wave-induced fatigue loads on offshore wind turbine monopile foundations was developed. A verification study with time-domain simulations for a 4MW offshore wind turbine showed result accuracies of more than 90% for equivalent bending moments at mudline and interface level. This accuracy and computation times in the order of seconds make the frequency-domain method ideal for preliminary design and support structure optimization. The model is applied in sensitivity analysis of fatigue loads using Monte-Carlo simulations. Local and global sensitivity studies and a probabilistic assessment give insight into the importance of site parameters like water depth, soil stiffness, wave height, and wave period on fatigue loads. Results show a significant influence of water depth and wave period. This provides a basis for design optimization, load interpolation and uncertainty analysis in large wind farms.