Ambulance Drones in Norway - A Stakeholder Analysis
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Cardiac arrests claim millions of lives each year. The condition can often be treated with a deﬁbrillator,buttimeisaverycriticalfactor. Asaconsequence,survivalratesarelow.Recent developments in drone technology have made civilian drones both cheap, easy tooperate, and reliable. This paper looks into opportunities to use drones to deliver deﬁbrillators to cardiac arrest victims faster than an ambulance, and focuses on unifying the needs ofemergencyresponsewiththerulesandregulationsrequiredtooperatethedronessafely.The study is performed as a literature study combined with interviews. The primary stakeholderswereidentiﬁedasemergencyresponseandtheCivilianAviationAuthority.The results showed that there was both a perceived use for ambulance drones and a way tolegally use them. The suggested approach involves using ambulance drones at sporting eventssuch as "Birkebeinerrennet" as a proof of concept, before more advanced or permanent programsareconsidered.