Novel Processes for Power Plant with CO2 Capture
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The purpose of this thesis was to examine different technologies, which enhances the CO2 partial pressure in the flue gas from the natural gas combined cycle. A base case has been created as a reference for comparison of the other cycles. The base case includes a MEA capture plant with a reboiler duty of 3,6 MJ/kg CO2. To simulate the process in this thesis HYSYS and GT PRO have been used as simulation tools. The thesis has also looked into ways of extracting steam from the steam cycle to be used in the reboiler. The chosen extraction point was the crossover between the intermediate-pressure turbine and the low-pressure turbine, the steam was saturated with water from the low-pressure boiler and have a pressure and temperature of 3,6 bar and 140 °C into the reboiler. Four different technologies have been evaluated in this thesis; a natural gas combined cycle with the use of exhaust gas recycle and, three elevated pressure cycles; post-compression CO2 capture, post-expansion CO2 capture, and tail-end CO2 capture. These processes have been compared against each other with regards to the net plant efficiency, absorber size at the capture plant, and the technological maturity. The most promising of these technologies is the natural gas combined cycle with exhaust gas recycle and the tail-end CO2 capture processes, with respectively 52 % and 51,7 % net plant efficiency. The smallest absorber size is achieved by the use of post-compression CO2 capture, with a diameter of 2,9 m and a height of 10,5 m. The elevated pressure cycles have also been tested with the use of MDEA as solvent in the capture plant. By use of elevated pressure and MDEA the reboiler duty was reduced to 2 MJ/ kg CO2.