• Composition of gut microbiota of children and adolescents with perinatal HIV infection taking antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe 

      Flygel, Trym Thune; Sovershaeva, Evgeniya; Classen-Weitz, Shantelle; Hjerde, Erik; Mwaikono, Kilaza S.; Odland, Jon Øyvind; Ferrand, Rashida A.; McHugh, Grace; Gutteberg, Tore Jarl; Nicol, Mark P.; Cavanagh, Jorunn Pauline; Flægstad, Trond (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection causes impairment of the gastrointestinal barrier, with substantial depletion of CD4+ T cells in the gut. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) restores CD4+ counts and may ...
    • Conceptual Framework for Therapeutic Training with Biofeedback in Virtual Reality: First Evaluation of a Relaxation Simulator 

      Fominykh, Mikhail; Prasolova-Førland, Ekaterina; Stiles, Tore C; Krogh, Anne Berit; Linde, Mattias (Chapter, 2017)
      This paper presents a concept for designing low-cost therapeutic training with biofeedback and virtual reality. We completed the first evaluation of a prototype - a mobile learning application for relaxation training, ...
    • Constipation and Laxative Use among Nursing Home Patients: Prevalence and Associations Derived from the Residents Assessment Instrument for Long-Term Care Facilities (interRAI LTCF) 

      Blekken, Lene Elisabeth; Nakrem, Sigrid; Vinsnes, Anne Guttormsen; Norton, Christine; Mørkved, Siv; Salvesen, Øyvind; Gjeilo, Kari Hanne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Introduction. Constipation is a common, bothersome, and potentially dangerous condition among nursing home (NH) patients. Between 50 and 74% of NH patients use laxatives. Objective. To study prevalence and associations of ...
    • Contact with primary health care physicians before an acute hospitalisation 

      Skarshaug, Lena Janita; Svedahl, Ellen Rabben; Bjørngaard, Johan Håkon; Steinsbekk, Aslak; Pape, Kristine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Objectives: To assess contacts with general practitioners (GPs), both regular GPs and out-of-hours GP services (OOH) during the year before an emergency hospital admission. Design: Longitudinal design with register-based ...
    • Contested discourses and culture sensitivity: Norwegian nursing students’ experience of clinical placement in Nicaragua 

      Grudt, Solveig Kirsti; Hadders, Hans (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Aim: The purpose of this study was to gain understanding of Norwegian students’ practical experience of ‘culture sensitivity’. Design: Using focus group interviews and individual written assignments, we draw upon Foucauldian ...
    • Contextual and time dependent pain in fibromyalgia: An explorative study 

      Fors, Egil Andreas; Landmark, Tormod; Bakke, Øyvind (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Background Little is known about contextual effects on chronic pain, and how vulnerability factors influence pain in different contexts. We wanted to examine if fibromyalgia (FM) pain varied between two social contexts, ...
    • Continuous development of colorectal cancer screening programs 

      Hoff, Geir; Ursin, Giske; Løberg, Magnus; de Lange, Thomas; Skovlund, Eva; Holme, Øyvind (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programs are far from perfect. Many crucial questions remain, yet expensive CRC screening services are implemented throughout the world without a plan on how to evaluate and improve the ...
    • Contributions of mean and shape of blood pressure distribution to worldwide trends and variations in raised blood pressure: A pooled analysis of 1018 population-based measurement studies with 88.6 million participants 

      Ezzati, Majid; Zhou, Bin; Bentham, James; Di Cesare, Mariachiara; Bixby, Honor; Danaei, Goodarz; Hajifathalian, Kaveh; Taddei, Cristina; Carrillo-Larco, Rodrigo M; Djalalinia, Shirin; Khatibzadeh, Shahab; Lugero, Charles; Peykari, Niloofar; Zhang, Wan Zhu; Bennett, James; Bilano, Ver; Stevens, Gretchen A; Cowan, Melanie J; Riley, Leanne M; Chen, Zhengming; Hambleton, Ian R; Jackson, Rod T; Kengne, Andre Pascal; Khang, Young-Ho; Laxmaiah, Avula; Liu, Jing; Malekzadeh, Reza; Neuhauser, Hannelore K; Sorić, Maroje; Starc, Gregor; Sundström, Johan; Woodward, Mark; Abarca-Gómez, Leandra; Abdeen, Ziad A; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M; Acosta-Cazares, Benjamin; Adams, Robert J; Aekplakorn, Wichai; Afsana, Kaosar; Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos A; Agyemang, Charles; Ahmad, Noor Ani; Ahmadvand, Alireza; Ahrens, Wolfgang; Ajlouni, Kamel; Akhtaeva, Nazgul; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Ali, Mohamed M; Ali, Osman; Alkerwi, Ala'a; Aly, Eman; Amarapurkar, Deepak N; Amouyel, Philippe; Amuzu, Antoinette; Andersen, Lars Bo; Anderssen, Sigmund Alfred; Ängquist, Lars H; Anjana, Ranjit Mohan; Ansong, Daniel; Aounallah-Skhiri, Hajer; Araujo, Joana; Ariansen, Inger; Aris, Tahir; Arlappa, Nimmathota; Arveiler, Dominique; Aryal, Krishna K; Aspelund, Thor; Assah, Felix K; Assunção, Maria Cecília Formoso; Avdicova, Macria; Azevedo, Ana; Azizi, Fereidoun; Babu, Bontha V; Bahijri, Suhad; Balakrishna, Nagalla; Bamoshmoosh, Mohamed; Banach, Maciej; Bandosz, Piotr; Banegas, Jose R; Barbagallo, Carlo M; Barceló, Alberto; Barkat, Amina; Barros, Aluisio JD; Barros, Mauro V; Bata, Iqbal; Batieha, Anwar M; Batyrbek, Assembekov; Baur, Louise A; Beaglehole, Robert; Romdhane, Habiba Ben; Benet, Mikhail; Benson, Lowell S; Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio; Bernotiene, Gailute; Bettiol, Heloisa; Bhagyalaxmi, Aroor; Bharadwaj, Sumit; Bhargava, Santosh K; Bi, Yufang; Bikbov, Mukharram; Bista, Bihungum; Bjerregaard, Peter; Bjertness, Espen; Bjertness, Marius Bergsmark; Björkelund, Cecilia; Blokstra, Anneke; Bo, Simona; Bobak, Martin; Boeing, Heiner; Boggia, Jose G; Boissonnet, Carlos P; Bongard, Vanina; Borchini, Rossana; Bovet, Pascal; Braeckman, Lutgart; Brajkovich, Imperia; Branca, Francesco; Breckenkamp, Juergen; Brenner, Hermann; Brewster, Lizzy M; Bruno, Graziella; Bueno-De-Mesquita, Hendrik Bastiaan; Bugge, Anna; Burns, Con; Bursztyn, Michael; de Léon, Antonio Cabrera; Cacciottolo, Joseph; Cai, Hui; Cameron, Christine; Can, Gunay; Candido, Ana Paula C; Capuano, Vincenzo; Cardoso, Viviane C; Carlsson, Axel C; Carvalho, Maria J; Casanueva, Felipe F; Casas, Juan-Pablo; Caserta, Carmelo A; Chamukuttan, Snehalatha; Chan, Angelique W; Chan, Queenie; Chaturvedi, Himanshu K; Chaturvedi, Nishi; Chen, Chien-Jen; Chen, Fangfang; Chen, Huashuai; Chen, Shuohua; Cheng, Ching-Yu; Dekkaki, Imane Cherkaoui; Chetrit, Angela; Chiolero, Arnaud; Chiou, Shu-Ti; Chirita-Emandi, Adela; Chirlaque, Maria-Dolores; Cho, Belong; Cho, Yumi; Christofaro, Diego G; Chudek, Jerzy; Cifkova, Renata; Cinteza, Eliza; Claessens, Frank; Clays, Els; Concin, Hans; Cooper, Cyrus; Cooper, Rachel; Coppinger, Tara C; Costanzo, Simona; Cottel, Dominique; Cowell, Chris; Craig, Cora L; Crujeiras, Ana B; Cruz, Juan J; D'Arrigo, Graziella; d'Orsi, Eleonora; Dallongeville, Jean; Damasceno, Albertino; Dankner, Rachel; Dantoft, Thomas M; Dauchet, Luc; Davletov, Kairat; De Backer, Guy; De Bacquer, Dirk; de Gaetano, Giovanni; De Henauw, Stefaan; de Oliveira, Paula Duarte; De Smedt, Delphine; Deepa, Mohan; Dehghan, Abbas; Delisle, Helene; Deschamps, Valerie; Dhana, Klodian; Di Castelnuovo, Augusto F; Dias-da-Costa, Juvenal Soares; Diaz, Alejandro; Dickerson, Ty T; Do, Ha TP; Dobson, Annette J; Donfrancesco, Chiara; Donoso, Silvana P; Doring, Angela; Dorobantu, Maria; Doua, Kouamelan; Drygas, Wojciech; Dulskiene, Virginija; Dzakula, Aleksandar; Dzerve, Vilnis; Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk, Elzbieta; Eggertsen, Robert; Ekelund, Ulf; El Ati, Jalila; Elliott, Paul; Elosua, Roberto; Erasmus, Rajiv T; Erem, Cihangir; Eriksen, Louise; Eriksson, Johan G; Escobedo-de la Peña, Jorge; Evans, Alun; Faeh, David; Fall, Caroline H; Farzadfar, Farshad; Felix-Redondo, Francisco J; Ferguson, Trevor S; Fernandes, Romulo A; Fernandez-Berges, Daniel; Ferrante, Daniel; Ferrari, Marika; Ferreccio, Catterina; Ferrieres, Jean; Finn, Joseph D; Fischer, Krista; Foger, Bernhard; Foo, Leng Huat; Forslund, Ann-Sofie; Forsner, Maria; Fouad, Heba M; Francis, Damian K; Franco, Maria do Carmo; Franco, Oscar H; Frontera, Guillermo; Fuchs, Flavio D; Fuchs, Sandra C; Fujita, Yuki; Furusawa, Takuro; Gaciong, Zbigniew; Galvano, Fabio; Garcia-de-la-Hera, Manoli; Gareta, Dickman; Garnett, Sarah P; Gaspoz, Jean-Michel; Gasull, Magda; Gates, Louise; Geleijnse, Johanna M; Ghasemian, Anoosheh; Ghimire, Anup; Giampaoli, Simona; Gianfagna, Francesco; Gill, Tiffany K; Giovannelli, Jonathan; Goldsmith, Rebecca A; Gonçalves, Helen; Gonzalez-Gross, Marcela; González-Rivas, Juan P; Gorbea, Mariano Bonet; Gottrand, Frederic; Graff-Iversen, Sidsel; Grafnetter, Dusan; Grajda, Aneta; Grammatikopoulou, Maria G; Gregor, Ronald D; Grodzicki, Tomasz; Grøntved, Anders; Grosso, Giuseppe; Gruden, Gabriella; Grujic, Vera; Gu, Dongfeng; Guan, Ong Peng; Gudmundsson, Elias F; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Guerrero, Ramiro; Guessous, Idris; Guimaraes, Andre L; Gulliford, Martin C; Gunnlaugsdóttir, Johanna; Gunter, Marc; Gupta, Prakash C; Gupta, Rajeev; Gureje, Oye; Gurzkowska, Beata; Gutierrez, Laura; Gutzwiller, Felix; Hadaegh, Farzad; Halkjær, Jytte; Hardy, Rebecca; Kumar, Rachakulla Hari; Hata, Jun; Hayes, Alison J; He, Jiang; He, Yuna; Hendriks, Marleen Elisabeth; Henriques, Ana; Cadena, Leticia Hernandez; Herrala, Sauli; Heshmat, Ramin; Hihtaniemi, Ilpo Tapani; Ho, Sai Yin; Ho, Suzanne C; Hobbs, Michael; Hofman, Albert; Dinc, Gonul Horasan; Horimoto, Andrea RVR; Hormiga, Claudia M; Horta, Bernardo L; Houti, Leila; Howitt, Christina; Htay, Thein Thein; Htet, Aung Soe; Htike, Maung Maung Than; Hu, Yonghua; Huerta, José María; Huisman, Martijn; Husseini, Abdullatif S; Huybrechts, Inge; Hwalla, Nahla; Iacoviello, Licia; Iannone, Anna G; Ibrahim, Mohsen M; Wong, Norazizah Ibrahim; Ikeda, Nayu; Ikram, M Arfan; Irazola, Vilma E; Islam, Muhammad; al-Safi Ismail, Aziz; Ivkovic, Vanja; Iwasaki, Masanori; Jacobs, Jeremy M; Jaddou, Hashem; Jafar, Tazeen; Jamrozik, Konrad; Janszky, Imre; Jasienska, Grazyna; Jóźwiak, Ana; Jelakovic, Bojan; Jennings, Garry; Jeong, Seung-Lyeal; Jiang, Chao Qiang; Joffres, Michel; Johansson, Mattias; Jokelainen, Jari J; Jonas, Jost B; Jørgensen, Torben; Joshi, Pradeep; Jóźwiak, Jacek Jerzy; Juolevi, Anne; Jurak, Gregor; Juresa, Vesna; Kaaks, Rudolf; Kafatos, Anthony; Kajantie, Eero O; Kalter-Leibovici, Ofra; Kamaruddin, Nor Azmi; Karki, Khem B; Kasaeian, Amir; Katz, Joanne; Kauhanen, Jussi; Kaur, Prabhdeep; Kavousi, Maryam; Kazakbaeva, Gyulli; Keil, Ulrich; Boker, Lital Keinan; Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka; Kelishadi, Roya; Kemper, Han CG; Kengne, Andre P; Kerimkulova, Alina; Kersting, Mathilde; Key, Timothy; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khalili, Davood; Khateeb, Mohammad; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Kiechl-Kohlendorfer, Ursula; Kiechl, Stefan; Killewo, Japhet; Kim, Jeongseon; Kim, Yeon-Yong; Klumbiene, Jurate; Knoflach, Michael; Kolle, Elin; Kolsteren, Patrick; Korrovits, Paul; Koskinen, Seppo; Kouda, Katsuyasu; Kowlessur, Sudhir; Koziel, Slawomir; Kriemler, Susi; Kristensen, Peter Lund; Krokstad, Steinar; Kromhout, Daan; Kruger, Herculina S; Kubinova, Ruzena; Kuciene, Renata; Kuh, Diana; Kujala, Urho M; Kulaga, Zbigniew; Kumar, R Krishna; Kurjata, Pawel; Kusuma, Yadlapalli S; Kuulasmaa, Kari; Kyobutungi, Catherine; Laatikainen, Tiina; Lachat, Carl; Lam, Tai Hing; Landrove, Orlando; Lanska, Vera; Lappas, Georg; Larijani, Bagher; Laugsand, Lars Erik; Bao, Khanh Le Nguyen; Le, Tuyen D; Leclercq, Catherine; Lee, Jeannette; Lee, Jeonghee; Lehtimäki, Terho; Leon-Munoz, Luz M; Levitt, Naomi S; Li, Yanping; Lilly, Christa L; Lim, Wei-Yen; Lima-Costa, M Fernanda; Lin, Hsien-Ho; Lin, Xu; Lind, Lars; Linneberg, Allan; Lissner, Lauren; Litwin, Mieczyslaw; Lorbeer, Roberto; Lotufo, Paulo A; Lozano, Jose Eugenio; Luksiene, Dalia; Lundqvist, Annamari; Lunet, Nuno; Lytsy, Per; Ma, Guansheng; Ma, Jun; Machado-Coelho, George LL; Machi, Suka; Maggi, Stefania; Magliano, Dianna J; Magriplis, Emmanuella; Majer, Marjeta; Makdisse, Marcia; Malhotra, Rahul; Rao, Kodavanti Mallikharjuna; Malyutina, Sofia; Manios, Yannis; Mann, Jim I; Manzato, Enzo; Margozzini, Paula; Marques-Vidal, Pedro; Marques, Larissa Pruner; Marrugat, Jaume; Martorell, Reynaldo; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Matijasevich, Alicia; Matsha, Tandi E; Mbanya, Jean Claude N; Posso, Anselmo J Mc Donald; McFarlane, Shelly R; McGarvey, Stephen T; McLachlan, Stela; McLean, Rachael M; McLean, Scott B; McNulty, Breige A; Mediene-Benchekor, Sounnia; Medzioniene, Jurate; Meirhaeghe, Aline; Meisinger, Christa; Menezes, Ana Maria B; Menon, Geetha R; Meshram, Indrapal I; Metspalu, Andres; Meyer, Haakon E; Mi, Jie; Mikkel, Kairit; Miller, Jody C; Minderico, Claudia S; Miquel, Juan Francisco; Miranda, J Jaime; Mirrakhimov, Erkin; Misigoj-Durakovic, Marjeta; Modesti, Pietro A; Mohamed, Mostafa K; Mohammad, Kazem; Mohammadifard, Noushin; Mohan, Viswanathan; Mohanna, Salim; Yusoff, Muhammad Fadhli Mohd; Møllehave, Line Tang; Møller, Niels C; Molnar, Denes; Momenan, Amirabbas; Mondo, Charles K; Monyeki, Kotsedi Daniel K; Moon, Jin Soo; Moreira, Leila B; Morejon, Alain; Moreno, Luis A; Morgan, Karen; Moschonis, George; Mossakowska, Malgorzata; Mostafa, Aya; Mota, Jorge; Motlagh, Mohammad Esmaeel; Motta, Jorge; Msyamboza, Kelias P; ThetMu, Thet; Muiesan, Maria L; Muller-Nurasyid, Martina; Murphy, Neil; Mursu, Jaakko; Musil, Vera; Nabipour, Iraj; Nagel, Gabriele; Naidu, Balkish M; Nakamura, Harunobu; Námešná, Jana; Nang, Ei Ei K; Nangia, Vinay B; Narake, Sameer; Nauck, Matthias; Navarrete-Muñoz, Eva María; Ndiaye, Ndeye Coumba; Neal, William A; Nenko, Ilona; Neovius, Martin; Nervi, Flavio; Nguyen, Chung T; Nguyen, Nguyen D; Nguyen, Quang Ngoc; Nguyen, Quang V; Nieto-Martinez, Ramfis E; Niiranen, Teemu J; Ning, Guang; Ninomiya, Toshiharu; Nishtar, Sania; Noale, Marianna; Noboa, Oscar A; Noorbala, Ahmad Ali; Norat, Teresa; Noto, Davide; Al Nsour, Mohannad; O'Reilly, Dermot; Oda, Eiji; Oehlers, Glenn; Oh, Kyungwon; Ohara, Kumiko; Olinto, Maria Teresa A; Oliveira, Isabel O; Omar, Mohd Azahadi; Onat, Altan; Ong, Sok King; Ono, Lariane M; Ordunez, Pedro; Ornelas, Rui; Osmond, Clive; Ostojic, Sergej M; Ostovar, Afshin; Otero, Johanna A; Overvad, Kim; Owusu-Dabo, Ellis; Paccaud, Fred Michel; Padez, Cristina; Pahomova, Elena; Pajak, Andrzej; Palli, Domenico; Palmieri, Luigi; Pan, Wen-Harn; Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra; Panza, Francesco; Papandreou, Dimitrios; Park, Soon-Woo; Parnell, Winsome R; Parsaeian, Mahboubeh; Patel, Nikhil D; Pecin, Ivan; Pednekar, Mangesh S; Peer, Nasheeta; Peeters, Petra H; Peixoto, Sergio Viana; Peltonen, Markku; Pereira, Alexandre C; Peters, Annette; Petersmann, Astrid; Petkeviciene, Janina; Pham, Son Thai; Pigeot, Iris; Pikhart, Hynek; Pilav, Aida; Pilotto, Lorenza; Pitakaka, Freda; Piwonska, Aleksandra; Plans-Rubió, Pedro; Polašek, Ozren; Porta, Miquel; Portegies, Marileen LP; Pourshams, Akram; Poustchi, Hossein; Pradeepa, Rajendra; Prashant, Mathur; Price, Jacqueline F; Puder, Jardena J; Puiu, Maria; Punab, Margus; Qasrawi, Radwan F; Qorbani, Mostafa; Bao, Tran Quoc; Radic, Ivana; Radisauskas, Ricardas; Rahman, Mahfuzar; Raitakari, Olli; Raj, Manu; Rao, Sudha Ramachandra; Ramachandran, Ambady; Ramos, Elisabete; Rampal, Lekhraj; Rampal, Sanjay; Rangel Reina, Daniel A; Redon, Josep; Reganit, Paul Ferdinand M; Ribeiro, Robespierre; Riboli, Elio; Rigo, Fernando; Rinke de Wit, Tobias F; Ritti-Dias, Raphael M; Robinson, Sian M; Robitaille, Cynthia; Rodriguez-Artalejo, Fernando; Rodriguez-Perez, Maria del Cristo; Rodriguez-Villamizar, Laura A; Rojas-Martinez, Rosalba; Romaguera, Dora; Ronkainen, Kimmo; Rosengren, Annika; Roy, Joel GR; Rubinstein, Adolfo; Ruiz-Betancourt, Blanca Sandra; Rutkowski, Marcin; Sabanayagam, Charumathi; Sachdev, Harshpal S; Saidi, Olfa; Sakarya, Sibel; Salanave, Benoit; Martinez, Eduardo Salazar; Salmerón, Diego; Salomaa, Veikko; Salonen, Jukka T; Salvetti, Massimo; Sánchez-Abanto, José; Sans, Susana; Santos, Diana A; Santos, Ina S; Santos, Renata Nunes dos; Santos, Rute; Saramies, Jouko L; Sardinha, Luis B; Sarganas, Giselle; Sarrafzadegan, Nizal; Saum, Kai-Uwe; Savva, Savvas; Scazufca, Marcia; Schargrodsky, Herman; Schipf, Sabine; Schmidt, Carsten O; Schöttker, Ben; Schultsz, Constance; Schutte, Aletta E; Sein, Aye Aye; Sen, Abhijit; Senbanjo, Idowu O; Sepanlou, Sadaf G; Sharma, Sanjib K; Shaw, Jonathan E; Shibuya, Kenji; Shin, Dong Wook; Shin, Youchan; Si-Ramlee, Khairil; Siantar, Rosalynn; Sibai, Abla M; Silva, Diego Augusto Santos; Simon, Mary; Simons, Judith; Simons, Leon A; Sjöström, Michael; Skovbjerg, Sine; Slowikowska-Hilczer, Jolanta; Slusarczyk, Przemyslaw; Smeeth, Liam; Smith, Margaret C; Snijder, Marieke B; So, Hung-Kwan; Sobngwi, Eugene; Soderberg, Stefan; Solfrizzi, Vincenzo; Sonestedt, Emily; Song, Yi; Sørensen, Thorkild IA; Soric, Maroje; Jérome, Charles Sossa; Soumare, Aicha; Staessen, Jan A; Stathopoulou, Maria G; Stavreski, Bill; Steene-Johannessen, Jostein; Stehle, Peter; Stein, Aryeh D; Stergiou, George S; Stessman, Jochanan; Stieber, Jutta; Stöckl, Doris; Stocks, Tanja; Stokwiszewski, Jakub; Stronks, Karien; Strufaldi, Maria Wany; Sun, Chien-An; Sung, Yn-Tz; Suriyawongpaisal, Paibul; Sy, Rody G; Tai, E Shyong; Tammesoo, Mari-Liis; Tamosiunas, Abdonas; Tan, Eng Joo; Tang, Xun; Tanser, Frank; Tao, Yong; Tarawneh, Mohammed Rasoul; Tarqui-Mamani, Carolina B; Tautu, Oana-Florentina; Taylor, Anne; Theobald, Holger; Theodoridis, Xenophon; Thijs, Lutgarde; Thuesen, Betina H; Tjønneland, Anne; Tolonen, Hanna K; Tolstrup, Janne S; Topbas, Murat; Tópor-Madry, Roman; Tormo, Maria Jose; Torrent, Maties; Traissac, Pierre; Trichopoulos, Dimitrios; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Trinh, Oanh TH; Trivedi, Atul; Tshepo, Lechaba; Tulloch-Reid, Marshall K; Tullu, Fikru; Tuomainen, Tomi-Pekka; Tuomilehto, Jaakko; Turley, Maria L; Tynelius, Per; Tzourio, Christophe; Ueda, Peter; Ugel, Eunice E; Ulmer, Hanno; Uusitalo, Hannu MT; Valdivia, Gonzalo; Valvi, Damaskini; van der Schouw, Yvonne T; Van Herck, Koen; Van Minh, Hoang; van Rossem, Lenie; Van Schoor, Natasja M; van Valkengoed, Irene GM; Vanderschueren, Dirk; Vanuzzo, Diego; Vatten, Lars Johan; Vega, Tomas; Velasquez-Melendez, Gustavo; Veronesi, Giovanni; Verschuren, WM Monique; Verstraeten, Roosmarijn; Victora, Cesar G; Viet, Lucie; Viikari-Juntura, Eira; Vineis, Paolo; Vioque, Jesus; Virtanen, Jyrki K; Visvikis-Siest, Sophie; Viswanathan, Bharathi; Vlasoff, Tiina; Vollenweider, Peter; Voutilainen, Sari; Wade, Alisha N; Wagner, Aline; Walton, Janette; Wan Bebakar, Wan Mohamad; Wan Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon; Wanderley, Rildo S; Wang, Ming-Dong; Wang, Qian; Wang, Ya Xing; Wang, Ying-Wei; Wannamethee, S Goya; Wareham, Nicholas; Wedderkopp, Niels; Weerasekera, Deepa; Whincup, Peter H; Widhalm, Kurt; Widyahening, Indah S; Wiecek, Andrzej; Wijga, Alet H; Wilks, Rainford J; Willeit, Johann; Willeit, Peter; Williams, Emmanuel A; Wilsgaard, Tom; Wojtyniak, Bogdan; Wong-McClure, Roy A; Wong, Justin YY; Wong, Tien Yin; Woo, Jean; Wu, Aleksander Giwercman; Wu, Frederick C; Wu, Shouling; Xu, Haiquan; Yan, Weili; Yang, Xiaoguang; Ye, Xingwang; Yiallouros, Panayiotis K; Yoshihara, Akihiro; Younger-Coleman, Novie O; Yusoff, Ahmad Faudzi; Zainuddin, Ahmad Ali; Zambon, Sabina; Zampelas, Antonis; Zdrojewski, Tomasz; Zeng, Yi; Zhao, Dong; Zhao, Wenhua; Zheng, Wei; Zheng, Yingfeng; Zhu, Dan; Zhussupov, Baurzhan; Zimmermann, Esther; Cisneros, Julio Zuñiga (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background Change in the prevalence of raised blood pressure could be due to both shifts in the entire distribution of blood pressure (representing the combined effects of public health interventions and secular trends) ...
    • Cooks, work environment and health: Experimental studies of exposure to cooking fumes, and epidemiological investigations in a cohort 

      Svedahl, Sindre Rabben (Doctoral theses at NTNU;2018:335, Doctoral thesis, 2018)
      Kokker, arbeidsmiljø og helse -Eksperimentelle studier av eksponering for stekeos, og epidemiologiske undersøkelser i en kohort Allerede i de Hippokratiske tekstene fra omtrent 400 år f. kr., fremholdes det at frisk luft ...
    • Cooperation between geriatricians and general practitioners for improved pharmacotherapy in home-dwelling elderly people receiving polypharmacy - the COOP Study: Study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial 

      Romskaug, Rita; Molden, Espen; Straand, Jørund; Kersten, Hege; Skovlund, Eva; Pitkala, Kaisu H; Wyller, Torgeir Bruun (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background Polypharmacy and inappropriate drug use is associated with negative health outcomes among older people. Various interventions for improving drug treatment have been evaluated, but the majority of studies are ...
    • Costs and quality at the hospital level in the nordic countries 

      Kittelsen, Sverre A.C.; Anthun, Kjartan Sarheim; Goude, Fanny; Huitfeldt, Ingrid Marie Schaumburg; Häkkinen, Unto; Kruse, Marie; Medin, Emma; Rehnberg, Clas; Rättö, Hanna (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      This article develops and analyzes patient register-based measures of quality for the major Nordic countries. Previous studies show that Finnish hospitals have significantly higher average productivity than hospitals in ...
    • Could screening participation bias symptom interpretation? An interview study on women's interpretations of and responses to cancer symptoms between mammography screening rounds 

      Solbjør, Marit; Skolbekken, John-Arne; Sætnan, Ann Rudinow; Hagen, Anne Irene; Forsmo, Siri (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Objectives: To explore how women with negative mammography screening results, but who were later diagnosed with interval breast cancer, reacted when they observed breast symptoms that could indicate malignancy in-between ...
    • Creating chronicity 

      Kirkengen, Anna Luise (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      An authentic sickness history is the vantage point for juxtaposing a biomedical and a biographical-phenomenological reading. What, in a biomedical framework, appears to be a longstanding state of comorbidity of different ...
    • Cross-cultural adaptation of the Work Role Functioning Questionnaire 2.0 to Norwegian and Danish 

      Johansen, Thomas; Lund, Thomas; Jensen, Chris; Momsen, Anne-Mette Hedeager; Eftedal, Monica; Øyeflaten, Irene Larsen; Braathen, Tore Norendal; Stapelfeldt, Christina Malmose; Amick, Benjamin; Labriola, Merete (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      BACKGROUND: A healthy and productive working life has attracted attention owing to future employment and demographic challenges. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to translate and adapt the Work Role Functioning Questionnaire (WRFQ) ...
    • Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between different exercise types and food cravings in free-living healthy young adults 

      Drenowatz, Clemens; Holtet Evensen, Line; Ernstsen, Linda; Blundell, John E.; Hand, Gregory A.; Shook, Robin P.; Hébert, James R.; Burgess, Stephanie; Blair, Steven N. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Introduction An increase in energy intake due to alterations in hedonic appetite sensations may, at least in part, contribute to lower-than-expected weight loss in exercise interventions. The aim of this study was to ...
    • Cross-Sectional and Prospective Cohort Study of Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Level and Obesity in Adults 

      Mai, Xiao-Mei; Chen, Yue; Camargo, Carlos Arthuro; Langhammer, Arnulf (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Experimental studies suggest that vitamin D modulates the activity of adipocytes. The authors examined baseline serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level in relation to prevalent and cumulative incident obesity in Norway. ...
    • Crucial aspects promoting meaning and purpose in life: perceptions of nursing home residents 

      Drageset, Jorunn; Haugan, Gørill; Tranvåg, Oscar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background Meaning and purpose in life are fundamental to human beings. In changing times, with an aging population and increased life expectancy, the need for health care services and long-term care is likely to grow. ...
    • Cultural activity participation and associations with self-perceived health, life-satisfaction and mental health: the Young HUNT Study, Norway 

      Hansen, Elisabeth; Sund, Erik Reidar; Knudtsen, Margunn Skjei; Krokstad, Steinar; Holmen, Turid Lingaas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Background: Leisure time activities and culture participation may have health effects and be important in pulic health promotion. More knowledge on how cultural activity participation may influence self-perceived ...
    • Culture dependent and independent analyses suggest a low level of sharing of endospore-forming species between mothers and their children 

      Avershina, Ekaterina; Larsen, Marte Gro; Aspholm, Marina Elisabeth; Lindbäck, Toril; Storrø, Ola; Øien, Torbjørn; Johnsen, Roar; Rudi, Knut (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Spore forming bacteria comprise a large part of the human gut microbiota. However, study of the endospores in gut microbiota is limited due to difficulties of culturing and numerous unknown germination factors. In this ...
    • Culture of silence: Midwives’, obstetricians’ and nurses’ experiences with perinatal death 

      André, Beate; Dahlø, Raija Helena Tolonen; Eilertsen, Tina Bjørsvik; Ringdal, Gerd Inger (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background: Health care personnel’s experiences of grief and painful emotional involvements in situations facing perinatal death has attracted woefully little research and attention. In order to provide high standards of ...