Now showing items 1665-1684 of 1706

    • Vitamin B6 catabolism and lung cancer risk: Results from the Lung Cancer Cohort Consortium (LC3) 

      Zuo, Hui; Ueland, Per Magne; Midttun, Øivind; Tell, Grethe S.; Fanidi, Anouar; Zheng, Wei; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Xiang, Yong-Bing; Wu, Jie; Prentice, Ross L.; Pettinger, Mary; Thomson, Cynthia A.; Giles, Graham G.; Hodge, Allison M.; Cai, Qiuyin; Blot, William J.; Johansson, Mikael B.; Hultdin, Johan; Grankvist, Kjell; Stevens, Victoria L.; McCullough, Marjorie L.; Weinstein, Stephanie J.; Albanes, Demetrius; Ziegler, Regina G.; Freedman, Neal David; Caporaso, Neil E.; Langhammer, Arnulf; Hveem, Kristian; Næss, Marit; Buring, Julie E.; Lee, I-Min; Gaziano, John Michael; Severi, Gianluca; Zhang, Xuehong; Stampfer, Meir Jonathan; Han, Jiali; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne; Marchand, Loïc Le; Yuan, Jian-Min; Wang, Renwei; Koh, Woon-Puay; Gao, Yutang; Ericson, Ulrika C.; Visvanathan, Kala; Jones, Michael R.; Relton, Caroline Laura; Brennan, Paul J.; Johansson, Mattias; Ulvik, Arve (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background Increased vitamin B6 catabolism related to inflammation, as measured by the PAr index (the ratio of 4-pyridoxic acid over the sum of pyridoxal and pyridoxal-5'-phosphate), has been positively associated with ...
    • Vitamin D and cognitive function: A Mendelian randomisation study 

      Maddock, Jane; Zhou, Ang; Cavadino, Alana; Kuźma, Elżbieta; Bao, Yanchun; Smart, Melissa C.; Saum, Kai-Uwe; Schöttker, Ben; Engmann, Jorgen; Kjærgaard, Marie; Karhunen, Ville; Zhan, Yiqiang; Lehtimäki, Terho; Rovio, Suvi P.; Byberg, Liisa; Lahti, Jari; Marques-Vidal, Pedro; Sen, Abhijit; Perna, Laura; Schirmer, Henrik; Singh-Manoux, Archana; Auvinen, Juha; Hutri-Kähönen, Nina; Kähönen, Mika; Kilander, Lena; Räikkönen, Katri; Melhus, Håkan; Ingelsson, Erik; Guessous, Idris; Petrovic, Katja E.; Schmidt, Helena; Schmidt, Reinhold; Vollenweider, Peter; Lind, Lars; Eriksson, Johan G.; Michaëlsson, Karl; Raitakari, Olli T; Hägg, Sara; Pedersen, Nancy L.; Herzig, Karl-Heinz; Järvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Veijola, Juha; Kivimäki, Mika; Jorde, Rolf; Brenner, Hermann; Kumari, Meena; Power, Chris; Llewellyn, David J.; Hyppönen, Elina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The causal nature of the association between hypovitaminosis D and poor cognitive function in mid- to later-life is uncertain. Using a Mendelian randomisation(MR) approach, we examined the causal relationship between 25(OH)D ...
    • Vitamin D and lung function decline in adults with asthma: the HUNT study 

      Brumpton, Ben Michael; Langhammer, Arnulf; Henriksen, Anne Hildur; Camargo, Carlos Arturo; Chen, Yue; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Mai, Xiao-Mei (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      We investigated whether low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were associated with more lung function decline in adults with asthma and whether this association was modified by smoking status or inhaled corticosteroid ...
    • Vitamin D status and healthrelated quality of life in pregnancy - impact of exercise 

      Gustafsson, Miriam K. (Doctoral theses at NTNU;2018:353, Doctoral thesis, 2018)
    • Vitamin D status in a Norwegian population: any link to lung function? 

      Larose, Tricia Lynn Lois (Doctoral theses at NTNU, 2015:92, Doctoral thesis, 2015)
      Vitamin D is predominantly synthesized from precursors in the skin after direct exposure to ultraviolet B radiation from the sun. Vitamin D can also be obtained by dietary intake of vitamin D rich food, or by supplement ...
    • Vurdering av smerte hos sederte respiratorpasienter 

      Helland, Christel (Student paper, others, 2018)
      Bakgrunn: Intensivpasienter eksponeres daglig for smertefulle prosedyrer. Forskning viser at de ofte ligger med smerter som ikke blir tilstrekkelig behandlet. Ubehandlet eller underbehandlet smerte kan føre til alvorlige ...
    • We're not in it for the money - lay people's moral intuitions on commercial use of 'their' biobank 

      Steinsbekk, Kristin Solum; Ursin, Lars Øystein; Skolbekken, John-Arne; Solberg, Berge (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Great hope has been placed on biobank research as a strategy to improve diagnostics, therapeutics and prevention. It seems to be a common opinion that these goals cannot be reached without the participation of commercial ...
    • Weight development from adolescence to adulthood: Associations with leisure time activities, weight-perception and obesity-susceptibility loci - The HUNT Study 

      Cuypers, Koenraad Frans (Doktoravhandlinger ved NTNU, 1503-8181; 2013:71, Doctoral thesis, 2013)
      Background Approximately 1.8 billion humans, i.e. more than a quarter of the world’s population, are young people aged 10-24 years1. Adolescence comprises a period in which lifestyle and health behaviors are established, ...
    • Weight Loss and Reduction in Gastroesophageal Reflux. A Prospective Population-Based Cohort Study: The HUNT Study 

      Ness-Jensen, Eivind; Lindam, Anna; Lagergren, Jesper; Hveem, Kristian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      OBJECTIVES:High body mass index (BMI) is an established risk factor of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms (GERS). The aim of this study was to clarify if weight loss reduces GERS.METHODS:The study was part of the Nord-Trondelag ...
    • Wellbeing among school children in grades 1-10: Promoting and adverse factors 

      Løhre, Audhild (Doktoravhandlinger ved NTNU, 1503-8181; 2011:225, Doctoral thesis, 2011)
      Background and objectives Wellbeing and health among school children are of great concern. Health symptoms may influence absence from school, sleep, and other aspects of daily life and perceived pain in childhood may also ...
    • What causes treatment failure - the patient, primary care, secondary care or inadequate interaction in the health services? 

      Farup, Per Grønaas; Blix, Ivar; Førre, Sigurd; Johnsen, Gjermund; Lange, Ove Juel; Johannessen, Rune; Petersen, Hermod (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Background: Optimal treatment gives complete relief of symptoms of many disorders. But even if such treatment is available, some patients have persisting complaints. One disorder, from which the patients should achieve ...
    • What characterizes the work culture at a hospital unit that successfully implements change – a correlation study 

      Andre, Beate; Sjøvold, Endre (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background To successfully achieve change in healthcare, a balance between technology and “people ware”, the human recourses, is necessary. However, the human aspect of the change implementation process has received less ...
    • What Do GPs Actually Know About Their Patients As Persons? 

      Mjølstad, Bente Prytz; Kirkengen, Anna Luise; Getz, Linn; Hetlevik, Irene (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background and Aims: Life experience and existential circumstances have an impact on health. Within medicine, however, the significance to patient care of person-related, biographical knowledge receives only rudimentary ...
    • What else should we know about experiencing COPD? A narrative review in search of patients’ psychological burden alleviation 

      Rzadkiewicz, Marta; Bratås, Ola; Espnes, Geir Arild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      The present paper is a narrative review focusing on the psychological impact, identification of protective factors, and interventions minimizing the psychological burdens of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). ...
    • What makes life worth living? Life satisfaction after moderate and severe Traumatic Brain Injury 

      Kalland, Rune (Master thesis, 2018)
      Objective: The purpose of this study is to review the literature on factors influencing life satisfaction for adults after a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury. Methods: Pubmed, PsycInfo, SweMed+ and Scopus were ...
    • What should be the preferred exercise modality for overweight and obese individuals? Protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis 

      Aasdahl, Lene; Iversen, Vegard Moe; Skovlund, Eva; Aune, Dagfinn; Fimland, Marius Steiro (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background Obesity is a global epidemic with profound consequences for individuals and societies. Physical exercise is important to weight reduction and weight loss maintenance. However, results on what the most effective ...
    • When every minute counts: From symptoms to admission for acute myocardial infarction with special emphasis on gender differences 

      Løvlien, Mona (Doktoravhandlinger ved NTNU, 1503-8181; 2010:144, Doctoral thesis, 2010)
      Background Acute myocardial infarction is a major cause of death and morbidity worldwide, both in women and in men. Up to the age of 70 the incidence of acute myocardial infarction is higher in men than in women. Although ...
    • ‘When helpers hurt’: Women’s and midwives’ stories of obstetric violence in state health care institutions, Colombo district, Sri Lanka 

      Dinusha Chamanie, Perera; Lund, Ragnhild; Swahnberg, Katarina; Schei, Berit; Infanti, Jennifer (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background The paper explores how age, social position or class, and linguistic and cultural background intersect and place women in varying positions of control and vulnerability to obstetric violence in state health ...
    • Which public health interventions are effective in reducing morbidity, mortality and health inequalities from infectious diseases amongst children in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs): protocol for an umbrella review 

      Besnier, Elodie; Thomson, Katie; Stonkute, Donata; Mohammad, Talal; Akhter, Nasima; Todd, Adam; Jensen, Magnus Rom; Kilvik, Astrid; Bambra, Clare (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Introduction Despite significant progress in the last few decades, infectious diseases remain a significant threat to children’s health in low-income and middle-income countries. Effective means of prevention and control ...
    • White blood cell BRCA1 promoter methylation status and ovarian cancer risk 

      Lønning, Per Eystein; Berge, Elisabet Ognedal; Bjørnslett, Merete Pauline; Minsaas, Laura; Chrisanthar, Ranjan; Vetti, Hildegunn Høberg; Dulary, Cécile; Busato, Florence; Bjørneklett, Silje; Eriksen, Christine; Kopperud, Reidun Kristin; Axcrona, Ulrika; Davidson, Ben; Bjørge, Line; Evans, D. Gareth; Howell, Anthony; Salvesen, Helga; Janszky, Imre; Hveem, Kristian; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Vatten, Lars Johan; Tost, Jörg; Dørum, Anne; Knappskog, Stian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background: The role of normal tissue gene promoter methylation in cancer risk is poorly understood. Objective: To assess associations between normal tissue BRCA1 methylation and ovarian cancer risk. Design: 2 ...