Now showing items 427-446 of 2183

    • CT Derived Muscle Measures, Inflammation, and Frailty in a Cohort of Older Cancer Patients 

      Harneshaug, Magnus; Saltyte Benth, Jurate; Kirkhus, Lene; Grønberg, Bjørn Henning; Bergh, Sverre; Rostoft, Siri; Jordhøy, Marit Slaaen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background/Aim: Muscle loss, inflammation, and frailty are prevalent among older cancer patients. We aimed to evaluate whether inflammatory markers could identify muscle loss, and if muscle measures differed between frail ...
    • Cyclic AMP induces apoptosis in multiple myeloma cells and inhibits tumor development in a mouse myeloma model 

      Follin-Arbelet, Virginie; Hofgaard, Peter Olaf; Hauglin, Harald; Naderi, Soheil; Sundan, Anders; Blomhoff, Rune; Bogen, Bjarne; Blomhoff, Heidi Kiil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Background Multiple myeloma is an incurable disease requiring the development of effective therapies which can be used clinically. We have elucidated the potential for manipulating the cAMP signaling pathway as a target ...
    • Cyclodextrin promotes atherosclerosis regression via macrophage reprogramming 

      Zimmer, Sebastian; Grebe, Alena; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Bode, Niklas; Halvorsen, Bente; Ulas, Thomas; Skjelland, Mona; De Nardo, Dominic; Labzin, Larisa I.; Kerksiek, Anja; Hempel, Chris; Heneka, Michael T.; Hawxhurst, Victoria; Fitzgerald, Michael L.; Trebicka, Jonel; Björkhem, Ingemar; Gustafsson, Jan Åke; Westerterp, Marit; Tall, Alan R.; Wright, Samuel D.; Espevik, Terje; Schultze, Joachim L.; Nickenig, Georg; Lütjohann, Dieter; Latz, Eicke (Journal article, 2016)
      Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease linked to elevated blood cholesterol concentrations. Despite ongoing advances in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause ...
    • Cyclodextrin Reduces Cholesterol Crystal-Induced Inflammation by Modulating Complement Activation 

      Bakke, Siril Skaret; Aune, Marie Hjelmseth; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Pilely, Katrine; Ryan, Liv; Skjelland, Mona; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Halvorsen, Bente; Latz, Eicke; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) are abundant in atherosclerotic plaques and promote inflammatory responses via the complement system and inflammasome activation. Cyclic oligosaccharide 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (BCD) is a ...
    • Cyclodextrin Reduces Cholesterol Crystal-Induced Inflammation by Modulating Complement Activation 

      Bakke, Siril Skaret; Aune, Marie Hjelmseth; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Pilely, Katrine; Ryan, Liv; Skjelland, Mona; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Halvorsen, Bente; Latz, Eicke; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article, 2017)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) are abundant in atherosclerotic plaques and promote inflammatory responses via the complement system and inflammasome activation. Cyclic oligosaccharide 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (BCD) is a ...
    • Cytochrome P-450 (CYP) inhibition by commercial Rhodiola rosea products in vitro and in humans 

      Thu, Ole Kristian Forstrønen (Doctoral theses at NTNU;2017:244, Doctoral thesis, 2017)
      Cytokrom P-450 (CYP) inhibering av kommersielle Rhodiola rosea produkter in vitro og i mennesker. Rosenrot (Rhodiola rosea) er et populært naturprodukt med en global utbredelse. Tidligere studier har vist at naturprodukter ...
    • Cytokine Network in Scrub Typhus: High Levels of Interleukin-8 Are Associated with Disease Severity and Mortality 

      Astrup, Elisabeth; Janardhanan, J; Otterdal, Kari; Ueland, Thor; Prakash, JAJ; Lekva, Tove; Strand, Øystein Anders; Abraham, OC; Thomas, K; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mathews, P; Mathai, D; Aukrust, Pål; Varghese, GM (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Background: Scrub typhus, caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, is endemic in the Asia-Pacific region. Mortality is high if untreated, and even with treatment as high as 10–20%, further knowledge of the immune response during ...
    • Cytokine profiles and diagnoses in elderly, hospitalised psychiatric patients 

      Bugge, Erlend; Wynn, Rolf; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Reitan, Solveig Merete Klæbo; Grønli, Ole Kristian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background There is a paucity of studies on inflammatory markers in elderly psychiatric patients. Hence, our study was undertaken to investigate cytokines as biomarkers in diagnostically unselected elderly patients admitted ...
    • Cytokine profiles in human metapneumovirus infected children: Identification of genes involved in the antiviral response and pathogenesis 

      Malmo, Jostein; Moe, Nina; Krokstad, Sidsel; Ryan, Liv; Loevenich, Simon; Johnsen, Ingvild Bjellmo; Espevik, Terje; Nordbø, Svein Arne; Døllner, Henrik; Anthonsen, Marit Walbye (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) causes severe airway infection in children that may be caused by an unfavorable immune response. The nature of the innate immune response to hMPV in naturally occurring infections in children ...
    • Cytokine profiling and post-transfusion haemoglobin increment in patients with haematological diseases 

      Wendelbo, Øystein; Opheim, Elin Netland; Hervig, Tor; Lunde, Turid Helen Felli; Bruserud, Øystein; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Reikvam, Håkon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    • Cytokine responses, microbial aetiology and short-term outcome in community-acquired pneumonia 

      Siljan, William Ward; Holter, Jan Cato; Nymo, Ståle Haugset; Husebye, Einar; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Heggelund, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background The inflammatory response to community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is orchestrated through activation of cytokine networks and the complement system. We examined the association of multiple cytokines and the ...
    • Cytokines in Relation to Motor Activity in an Acute Psychiatric Population 

      Larsen, Jeanette Brun; Stunes, Astrid Kamilla; Iversen, Valentina Cabral; Vaaler, Arne; Reitan, Solveig Merete Klæbo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background: Deviations in motor activity are important clinical features of several psychiatric disorders in an acute state. Immune activity is associated with several psychiatric disorders and may affect motor activity. ...
    • Cytomegalovirus antibody status at 17 - 18 weeks of gestation and preeclampsia: a case-control study of pregnant women in Norway 

      Strand, Kristin Melheim; Odland, Maria Lisa; Iversen, Ann-Charlotte; Nordbø, Svein Arne; Vik, Torstein; Austgulen, Rigmor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Objective To assess the association between maternal cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibodies in mid-pregnancy and preeclampsia. Design Nested case–control study. Setting Pregnancies registered in the Norwegian Mother and ...
    • Cytosolic Phospholipase A2 Alpha Regulates TLR Signaling and Migration in Metastatic 4T1 Cells 

      Tunset, Hanna Maja; Feuerherm, Astrid Jullumstrø; Selvik, Linn-Karina M.; Johansen, Berit; Moestue, Siver Andreas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Metastatic disease is the leading cause of death in breast cancer patients. Disrupting the cancer cell’s ability to migrate may be a strategy for hindering metastasis. Cytosolic phospholipase A2 α (cPLA2α), along with ...
    • Cytosolic scaffold functions of PCNA 

      Olaisen, Camilla (Doctoral theses at NTNU;2017:203, Doctoral thesis, 2017)
      PCNA som et plattform-protein i cytosol Kroppen vår består av millioner av celler som alle stammer fra en enkelt celle. For hver celledeling må arvestoffet, DNA-et, kopieres feilfritt i et samarbeid mellom mange ulike ...
    • Cytotoxic Effect on Human Myeloma Cells and Leukemic Cells by the Agaricus blazei Murill Based Mushroom Extract, Andosan™ 

      Tangen, Jon-Magnus; Holien, Toril; Mirlashari, Mohammad Reza; Misund, Kristine; Hetland, Geir (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Agaricus blazei Murill is an edible mushroom of the Basidiomycetes family, which has been found to contain a number of compounds with antitumor properties, such as proteoglycans and ergosterol. In the present investigation, ...
    • Cytotoxicity and effect on wound re-epithelialization after topical administration of tranexamic acid 

      Eikebrokk, Tuva; Vassmyr, Brita; Ausen, Kjersti; Gravastrand, Caroline S.; Spigset, Olav; Pukstad, Brita (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background Topical administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) reduces bleeding from surgical wounds similarly to intravenous use, but with negligible risk of adverse systemic events. Topical use is expanding, but is ...
    • Cytotoxicity and repair of uracil and 5-fluorouracil in DNA 

      Pettersen, Henrik Sahlin (Doktoravhandlinger ved NTNU, 1503-8181; 2011:95, Doctoral thesis, 2011)
      Cytotoksisitet og reparasjon av uracil og 5-fluorouracil i DNA Vårt arvemateriale (gener) er organisert i 23 kromosompar, som det finnes fullstendige kopier av i storparten av våre celler. Hvert kromosom består av en lang ...
    • Cytotoxicity of poly(Alkyl cyanoacrylate) nanoparticles 

      Sulheim, Einar; Iversen, Tore Geir; To, Vu; Klinkenberg, Geir; Sletta, Håvard; Schmid, Ruth; Hatletveit, Anne Rein; Wågbø, Ane Marit; Sundan, Anders; Skotland, Tore; Sandvig, Kirsten; Mørch, Ýrr Asbjørg (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Although nanotoxicology has become a large research field, assessment of cytotoxicity is often reduced to analysis of one cell line only. Cytotoxicity of nanoparticles is complex and should, preferentially, be evaluated ...
    • Dasatinib induces fast and deep responses in newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukaemia patients in chronic phase: Clinical results from a randomised phase-2 study (NordCML006) 

      Hjorth-Hansen, Henrik; Stenke, Leif; Söderlund, Stina; Dreimane, Arta; Ehrencrona, Hans; Gedde-Dahl, Thobias; Gjertsen, Bjørn Tore; Höglund, Martin; Koskenvesa, Perttu; Lotfi, Kourosh; Majeed, Mohammed Waleed; Markevärn, Berit; Ohm, Lotta; Olsson-Strömberg, Ulla; Remes, Kari; Suominen, Merja; Simonsson, Bengt; Porkka, Kimmo; Mustjoki, Satu; Richter, Johan (Journal article, 2015)
      We randomised 46 newly diagnosed patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (median age 56) to receive dasatinib 100 mg QD or imatinib 400 mg QD and report outcome as an intention-to-treat analysis with 36 months follow-up. ...