• Acoustic Cluster Therapy (ACT) - pre-clinical proof of principle for local drug delivery and enhanced uptake. 

      van Wamel, Annemieke; Healey, Andrew; Sontum, Per C.; Kvåle, Svein; Bush, Nigel; Bamber, Jeffrey; Davies, Ruth Catharina de Lange (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Proof of principle for local drug delivery with Acoustic Cluster Therapy (ACT) was demonstrated in a human prostate adenocarcinoma growing in athymic mice, using near infrared (NIR) dyes as model molecules. A dispersion ...
    • Acoustic Cluster Therapy (ACT) enhances the therapeutic efficacy of paclitaxel and Abraxane® for treatment of human prostate adenocarcinoma in mice 

      van Wamel, Annemieke; Sontum, Per C.; Healey, Andrew; Kvåle, Svein; Bush, Nigel; Bamber, Jeffrey; Davies, Ruth Catharina de Lange (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Acoustic cluster therapy (ACT) is a novel approach for ultrasound mediated, targeted drug delivery. In the current study, we have investigated ACT in combination with paclitaxel and Abraxane® for treatment of a subcutaneous ...
    • Active structuring of colloidal armour on liquid drops 

      Dommersnes, Paul; Rozynek, Zbigniew; Mikkelsen, Alexander; Castberg, Rene; Kjerstad, Knut; Hersvik, Kjetil; Fossum, Jon Otto (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Adsorption and assembly of colloidal particles at the surface of liquid droplets are at the base of particle-stabilized emulsions and templating. Here we report that electrohydrodynamic and electro-rheological effects ...
    • After-gate attack on a quantum cryptosystem 

      Wiechers, Carlos; Lydersen, Lars Vincent Van de Wiel; Wittmann, Christoffer; Elser, Dominique; Skaar, Johannes; Marquardt, Christoph; Makarov, Vadim; Leuchs, Gerd (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      We present a method to control the detection events in quantum key distribution systems that use gated single-photon detectors. We employ bright pulses as faked states, timed to arrive at the avalanche photodiodes outside ...
    • Aging and Failure of a Polymer Chain under Tension 

      Charan, Harish; Hansen, Alex; Hentschel, H. George E.; Procaccia, Itamar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The rupture of a polymer chain maintained at temperature T under fixed tension is prototypical to a wide array of systems failing under constant external stress and random perturbations. Past research focused on analytic ...
    • Airglow Derived Measurements of Q-Branch Transition Probabilities for Several Hydroxyl Meinel Bands 

      Franzen, Christoph; Espy, Patrick Joseph; hofmann, niklas; Hibbins, Robert; Djupvik, Anlaug Amanda (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Spectroscopic measurements of the hydroxyl (OH) airglow emissions are often used to infer neutral temperatures near the mesopause. Correct Einstein coefficients for the various transitions in the OH airglow are needed to ...
    • Alkaline oxide interface modifiers for silicon fiber production 

      Nordstrand, Erlend Fjøsne; Dibbs, Andrew; Eraker, Andreas Juvkam; Gibson, Ursula (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      We demonstrate the ability to pull small diameter silicon-core fibers with low oxygen content by using interface modifiers between the silica cladding and the semiconductor. Alkali earths scavenge oxygen and form a ...
    • All-fiber optical supercontinuum sources in 1.7-3.2 μm range 

      Dvoyrin, Vladislav; Sorokina, Irina T (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      We report supercontinuum generation in the 1.7-2.9 μm range with up to 3.08 W of output power and in the range of 1.93-3.18 μm with up to 3.8 W of output power from all-fiber MOPA pulsed systems with Tm-doped fiber mode-locked ...
    • Alternative coalescence model for deuteron, tritium, helium-3 and their antinuclei 

      Kachelriess, Michael; Ostapchenko, Sergey; Tjemsland, Jonas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Antideuteron and antihelium nuclei have been proposed as a detection channel for dark matter annihilations and decays in the Milky Way, due to the low astrophysical background expected. To estimate both the signal for ...
    • An experimental strategy unveiling exosomal microRNAs 486-5p, 181a-5p and 30d-5p from hypoxic tumour cells as circulating indicators of high-risk rectal cancer 

      Bjørnetrø, Tonje; Redalen, Kathrine; Meltzer, Sebastian; Thusyanthan, Nirujah Sivarajah; Samiappan, Rampradeep; Jegershöld, Caroline; Handeland, Karianne Risberg; Ree, Anne Hansen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Tumour hypoxia contributes to poor treatment outcome in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) and circulating extracellular vesicles (EVs) as potential biomarkers of tumour hypoxia and adverse prognosis have not been fully ...
    • An Optical Power Limiting and Ultrafast Photophysics Investigation of a Series of Multi-Branched Heavy Atom Substituted Fluorene Molecules 

      Lunden, Hampus; Pitrat, Delphine; Mulatier, Jean-Christophe; Monnereau, Cyrille; Minda, Iulia; Liotta, Adrien; Chábera, Pavel; Hopen, Didrik K.; Lopes, Cesar; Parola, Stephane; Pullerits, Tönu; Andraud, Chantal; Lindgren, Mikael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      A common molecular design paradigm for optical power limiting (OPL) applications is to introduce heavy atoms that promote intersystem crossing and triplet excited states. In order to investigate this effect, three ...
    • An unreported precipitate orientation relationship in Al-Zn-Mg based alloys 

      Bendo, Artenis; Matsuda, Kenji; Lervik, Adrian; Tsuru, Tomohito; Nishimura, Katsuhiko; Nunomura, Norio; Holmestad, Randi; Marioara, Calin Daniel; Shimuzu, Kazuyuki; Toda, Hiroyuki; Yamaguchi, Masatake (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Characterization of precipitates in Al-Zn-Mg alloys, using a combination of electron diffraction, bright field transmission electron microscopy and atomic scale scanning transmission electron microscopy imaging revealed ...
    • Analytical transmission cross-coefficients for pink beam X-ray microscopy based on compound refractive lenses 

      Falch, Ken Vidar; Detlefs, Carsten; Snigirev, Anatoly; Mathiesen, Ragnvald (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Analytical expressions for the transmission cross-coefficients for x-ray microscopes based on compound refractive lenses are derived based on Gaussian approximations of the source shape and energy spectrum. The effects of ...
    • Análise da Reflexão 001 da Níquel-Fluorohectorita por Difração de Raios X Síncrotron 

      de Oliveira, J. S.; Michels, Leander; Sousa, Marcelo Henrique; Fossum, Jon Otto; Da Silva, G.J.; Mundim, Kleber Carlos; Ribeiro, L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      In the present work X-ray diffraction was used in order to observe the stable hydration states of the clay nickel-fluorohectorite. The diffraction patterns were measured as function of relative humidity and temperature. ...
    • Angle Resolved Relaxation of Spin Currents by Antiferromagnets in Spin Valves 

      Polishchuk, Dmytro; Kamra, Akashdeep; Polek, Taras; Brataas, Arne; Korenivski, Vladislav (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      We observe and analyze tunable relaxation of a pure spin current by an antiferromagnet in spin valves. This is achieved by carefully controlling the angle between a resonantly excited ferromagnetic layer pumping the spin ...
    • Anisotropic and controllable Gilbert-Bloch dissipation in spin valves 

      Kamra, Akashdeep; Polishchuk, Dmytro; Korenivski, Vladislav; Brataas, Arne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Spin valves form a key building block in a wide range of spintronic concepts and devices from magnetoresistive read heads to spin-transfer-torque oscillators. We elucidate the dependence of the magnetic damping in the free ...
    • Anisotropic diffusion and the cosmic ray anisotropy 

      Kachelriess, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      We argue that the diffusion of cosmic rays in the Galactic magnetic field has to be strongly anisotropic. As a result, the number of CR sources contributing to the local CR flux is strongly reduced. The CR density is ...
    • Anisotropic plasmonic Cu nanoparticles in sol-gel oxide nanopillars studied by spectroscopic Mueller matrix ellipsometry 

      Ghadyani, Zahra; Kildemo, Morten; Aas, Lars Martin Sandvik; Cohin, Y; Søndergård, E (Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Broadened plasmon resonances of Cu nanoparticles in nanopatterned mixed oxide sol-gel nanopillars are shown to be readily detected by spectroscopic Mueller matrix ellipsometry. The plasmonic nanomaterials are obtained by ...
    • Anisotropies and magnetic phase transitions in insulating antiferromagnets determined by a Spin-Hall magnetoresistance probe 

      Lebrun, Romain; Ross, Andrew; Gomonay, Olena; Bender, Scott A.; Baldrati, Lorenzo; Kronast, Florian; Qaiumzadeh, Alireza; Sinova, Jairo; Brataas, Arne; Duine, Rembert; Klaui, Mathias Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Antiferromagnets possess a number of intriguing and promising properties for electronic devices, which include a vanishing net magnetic moment and thus insensitivity to large magnetic fields and characteristic terahertz ...
    • Anomalous domain wall velocity and Walker breakdown in hybrid systems with anisotropic exchange 

      Enoksen, Henrik; Sudbø, Asle; Linder, Jacob (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      It has recently been proposed that spin-transfer torques in magnetic systems with anisotropic exchange can be strongly enhanced, reducing the characteristic current density with up to four orders of magnitude compared to ...