• A systems approach to study immuno- and neuro-modulatory properties of antiviral agents 

      Zusinaite, Eva; Ianevski, Alexandr; Niukkanen, Diana; Poranen, Minna M.; Bjørås, Magnar; Afset, Jan Egil; Tenson, Tanel; Velagapudi, Vidya; Merits, Andres; Kainov, Denis (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      There are dozens of approved, investigational and experimental antiviral agents. Many of these agents cause serious side effects, which can only be revealed after drug administration. Identification of the side effects ...
    • Common nodes of virus–host interaction revealed through an integrated network analysis 

      Bösl, Korbinian; Ianevski, Aleksandr; Than, Thoa T.; Andersen, Petter I.; Kuivanen, Suvi; Teppor, Mona; Zusinaite, Eva; Dumpis, Uga; Vitkauskiene, Astra; Cox, Rebecca Jane; Kallio-Kokko, Hannimari; Bergqvist, Anders; Tenson, Tanel; Merits, Andres; Oksenych, Valentyn; Bjørås, Magnar; Anthonsen, Marit Walbye; Shum, David H.K.; Kaarbø, Mari; Vapalahti, Olli; Windisch, Marc P.; Superti-Furga, Giulio; Snijder, Berend; Kainov, Denis; Kandasamy, Richard Kumaran (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Viruses are one of the major causes of acute and chronic infectious diseases and thus a major contributor to the global burden of disease. Several studies have shown how viruses have evolved to hijack basic cellular pathways ...
    • Discovery and development of safe-in-man broad-spectrum antiviral agents 

      Anderssen, Petter Inge; Ianevski, Aleksandr; Lysvand, Hilde; Vitkauskiene, Astra; Oksenych, Valentyn; Bjørås, Magnar; Telling, Kaidi; Lutsar, Irja; Dumpis, Uga; Irie, Yasuhiko; Tenson, Tanel; Kantele, Anu; Kainov, Denis (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Viral diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. Virus-specific vaccines and antiviral drugs are the most powerful tools to combat viral diseases. However, broad-spectrum antiviral ...
    • Identification and Tracking of Antiviral Drug Combinations 

      Ianevski, Aleksandr; Yao, Rouan; Biza, Svetlana; Zusinaite, Eva; Mannik, Andres; Kivi, Gaily; Planken, Anu; Kurg, Kristiina; Tombak, Eva-Maria; Ustav, Mart Jr; Shtaida, Nastassia; Kulesskiy, Evgeny; Jo, Eunji; Yang, Jaewon; Lysvand, Hilde; Løseth, Kirsti; Oksenych, Valentyn; Aas, Per Arne; Tenson, Tanel; Vitkauskienė, Astra; Windisch, Marc P; Fenstad, Mona H.; Nordbø, Svein Arne; Ustav, Mart; Bjørås, Magnar; Kainov, Denis (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Combination therapies have become a standard for the treatment for HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. They are advantageous over monotherapies due to better efficacy, reduced toxicity, as well as the ability to ...
    • Influenza virus infection, interferon response, viral counter-response, and apoptosis 

      Shim, Jung Min; Kim, Jinhee; Tenson, Tanel; Min, Ji-Young; Kainov, Denis (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Human influenza A viruses (IAVs) cause global pandemics and epidemics, which remain serious threats to public health because of the shortage of effective means of control. To combat the surge of viral outbreaks, new ...
    • Low temperature and low UV indexes correlated with peaks of influenza virus activity in Northern Europe during 2010-2018 

      Ianevski, Aleksandr; Zusinaite, Eva; Shtaida, Nastassia; Kallio-Kokko, Hannimari; Valkonen, Mia; Kantele, Anu; Telling, Kaidi; Lutsar, Irja; Letjuka, Pille; Metelitsa, Natalja; Oksenych, Valentyn; Dumpis, Uga; Vitkauskiene, Astra; Stašaitis, Kestutis; Öhrmalm, Christina; Bondeson, Kåre; Bergqvist, Anders; Cox, Rebecca Jane; Tenson, Tanel; Merits, Andres; Kainov, Denis (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      With the increasing pace of global warming, it is important to understand the role of meteorological factors in influenza virus (IV) epidemics. In this study, we investigated the impact of temperature, UV index, humidity, ...
    • Nafamostat–interferon-α combination suppresses sars-cov-2 infection in vitro and in vivo by cooperatively targeting host TMPRSS2 

      Ianevski, Aleksandr; Yao, Rouan; Lysvand, Hilde; Grødeland, Gunnveig; Legrand, Nicolas; Oksenych, Valentyn; Zusinaite, Eva; Tenson, Tanel; Bjørås, Magnar; Kainov, Denis E. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      SARS-CoV-2 and its vaccine/immune-escaping variants continue to pose a serious threat to public health due to a paucity of effective, rapidly deployable, and widely available treatments. Here, we address these challenges ...
    • Novel antiviral activities of obatoclax, emetine, niclosamide, brequinar, and homoharringtonine 

      Anderssen, Petter Inge; Krpina, Klara; Ianevski, Aleksandr; Shtaida, Nastassia; Jo, Eunji; Yang, Jaewon; Koit, Sandra; Tenson, Tanel; Hukkanen, Veijo; Anthonsen, Marit Walbye; Bjørås, Magnar; Evander, Magnus; Windisch, Marc P; Zusinaite, Eva; Kainov, Denis (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Viruses are the major causes of acute and chronic infectious diseases in the world. According to the World Health Organization, there is an urgent need for better control of viral diseases. Repurposing existing antiviral ...
    • Potential Antiviral Options against SARS-CoV-2 Infection. Viruses. 

      Ianevski, Aleksandr; Yao, Rouan; Fenstad, Mona H.; Biza, Svetlana; Zusinaite, Eva; Reisberg, Tuuli; Lysvand, Hilde; Løseth, Kirsti; Landsem, Veslemøy Malm; Fossum, Janne; Erlandsen, Sten Even; Aas, Per Arne; Hagen, Lars; Pettersen, Caroline Hild; Tenson, Tanel; Afset, Jan Egil; Nordbø, Svein Arne; Bjørås, Magnar; Kainov, Denis; Oksenych, Valentyn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      As of June 2020, the number of people infected with severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continues to skyrocket, with more than 6.7 million cases worldwide. Both the World Health Organization (WHO) and United ...
    • Synergistic interferon-alpha-based combinations for treatment of sars-cov-2 and other viral infections 

      Ianevski, Aleksandr; Yao, Rouan; Zusinaite, Eva; Lello, Laura Sandra; Wang, Sainan; Jo, Eunji; Yang, Jaewon; Ravlo, Erlend; Wang, Wei; Lysvand, Hilde; Løseth, Kirsti; Oksenych, Valentyn; Tenson, Tanel; Windisch, Marc P.; Poranen, Minna M.; Nieminen, Anni I.; Nordbø, Svein Arne; Fenstad, Mona H.; Grødeland, Gunnveig; Aukrust, Pål; Trøseid, Marius; Kantele, Anu; Lastauskienė, Eglė; Vitkauskienė, Astra; Legrand, Nicolas; Merits, Andres; Bjørås, Magnar; Kainov, Denis (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: There is an urgent need for new antivirals with powerful therapeutic potential and tolerable side effects. Methods: Here, we tested the antiviral properties of interferons (IFNs), alone and with other drugs in ...