• A review of ecological impacts of global climate change on persistent organic pollutant and mercury pathways and exposures in arctic marine ecosystems 

      McKinney, Melissa; Pedro, Sara; Dietz, Rune; Sonne, Christian; Fisk, Aaron T.; Roy, Denis; Jenssen, Bjørn Munro; Letcher, Robert J (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Bioaccumulative and biomagnifying contaminants, such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and mercury (Hg), have for decades been recognized as a health concern in arctic marine biota. In recent years, global climate ...
    • A veterinary perspective on One Health in the Arctic 

      Sonne, Christian; Letcher, Robert James; Jenssen, Bjørn Munro; Desforges, Jean-Pierre; Eulaers, Igor; Andersen-Ranberg, Emilie; Gustavson, Kim; Styrishave, Bjarne; Dietz, Rune (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Exposure to long-range transported industrial chemicals, climate change and diseases is posing a risk to the overall health and populations of Arctic wildlife. Since local communities are relying on the same marine food ...
    • Anthropogenic flank attack on polar bears: interacting consequences of climate warming and pollutant exposure 

      Jenssen, Bjørn Munro; Villanger, Gro Dehli; Gabrielsen, Kristin Møller; Bytingsvik, Jenny; Bechshoft, Thea; Ciesielski, Tomasz Maciej; Sonne, Christian; Dietz, Rune (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) are subjected to several anthropogenic threats, climate warming and exposure to pollutants being two of these. For polar bears, one of the main effects of climate warming is limited access to ...
    • Anti-parasite treatment and blood biochemistry in raptor nestlings 

      Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Sonne, Christian; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Schnug, Lisbeth; Bourgeon, Sophie; Ballesteros, Manuel; Eulaers, Igor; Moum, Truls Borg; Johnsen, Trond Vidar; Kjelgaard-Hansen, Mads; Herzke, Dorte; Jaspers, Veerle; Covaci, Adrian; Eens, Marcel; Halley, Duncan John; Erikstad, Kjell Einar; Ims, Rolf Anker (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      We investigated the effects of parasite removal on various blood clinical–chemical variables (BCCVs). BCCVs are indicators of health, reflecting, e.g., homeostasis of liver, kidney function, and bone metabolism. The study ...
    • Antiparasite treatments reduce humoral immunity and impact oxidative status in raptor nestlings 

      Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Schnug, Lisbeth; Bourgeon, Sophie; Johnsen, Trond Vidar; Ballesteros, Manuel; Sonne, Christian; Herzke, Dorte; Eulaers, Igor; Jaspers, Veerle; Covaci, Adrian; Eens, Marcel; Halley, Duncan John; Moum, Truls Borg; Ims, Rolf Anker; Erikstad, Kjell E (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Parasites are natural stressors that may have multiple negative effects on their host as they usurp energy and nutrients and may lead to costly immune responses that may cause oxidative stress. At early stages, animals ...
    • Concentrations of vitamin A, E, thyroid and testosterone hormones in blood plasma and tissues from emaciated adult male Arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) dietary exposed to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) 

      Rogstad, Tonje Waterloo; Sonne, Christian; Villanger, Gro Dehli; Ahlstrøm, Øystein; Fuglei, Eva; Muir, Derek C.G.; Jørgensen, Even Hjalmar; Jenssen, Bjørn Munro (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships and effects of oral POP exposure on retinol (vitamin A), α-tocopherol (vitamin E), thyroid hormones and testosterone in emaciated adult farmed Arctic foxes. ...
    • Current state of knowledge on biological effects from contaminants on arctic wildlife and fish 

      Dietz, Rune; Letcher, Robert J.; Desforges, Jean-Pierre; Eulaers, Igor; Sonne, Christian; Wilson, Simon; Andersen-Ranberg, Emilie; Basu, Niladri; Barst, Benjamin D.; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Bytingsvik, Jenny; Ciesielski, Tomasz Maciej; Drevnick, Paul E.; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Haarr, Ane; Hylland, Ketil; Jenssen, Bjørn Munro; Levin, Milton; McKinney, Melissa A.; Nørregaard, Rasmus Dyrmose; Pedersen, Kathrine E.; Provencher, Jennifer; Styrishave, Bjarne; Tartu, Sabrina; Aars, Jon; Ackerman, Joshua T.; Rosing-Asvid, Aqqalu; Barrett, Rob; Bignert, Anders; Born, Erik W; Branigan, Marsha; Braune, Birgit; Bryan, Colleen E; Dam, Maria; Eagles-Smith, Collin A.; Evans, Marlene; Evans, Thomas J.; Fisk, Aaron T.; Gamberg, Mary; Gustavson, Kim; Hartman, C. Alex; Helander, Björn; Herzog, Mark P.; Hoekstra, Paul F.; Houde, Magali; Hoydal, Katrin; Jackson, Allyson K.; Kucklick, John; Lie, Elisabeth; Loseto, Lisa; Mallory, Mark L.; Miljeteig, Cecilie; Mosbech, Anders; Muir, Derek C.G.; Nielsen, Sanna Túni; Peacock, Elizabeth; Pedro, Sara; Peterson, Sarah H.; Polder, Anuschka; Rigét, Frank F.; Roach, Pat; Saunes, Halvor; Sinding, Mikkel Holger Strander; Skåre, Janneche Utne; Søndergaard, Jens; Stenson, Garry; Stern, Gary; Treu, Gabriele; Schuur, Stacy S.; Víkingsson, Gísli Arnór (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Since the last Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) effort to review biological effects of the exposure to organohalogen compounds (OHCs) in Arctic biota, there has been a considerable number of new Arctic ...
    • DNA-double strand breaks in relation to PFASs and toxic elements in incubating female common eiders (Somateria mollissima) in the central Baltic Sea 

      McPartland, Molly Y. (Master thesis, 2019)
      Per- and polyfluorinated alkylated substances (PFASs) and toxic elements have both been linked to adverse effects on genetic material which can result in severe consequences for individuals and entire populations. The aim ...
    • Effects of biometrics, location and persistent organic pollutants on blood clinical-chemical parameters in polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from Svalbard, Norway 

      Ciesielski, Tomasz Maciej; Sonne, Christian; Ormbostad, Ingunn; Aars, Jon; Lie, Elisabeth; Bytingsvik, Jenny; Jenssen, Bjørn Munro (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      In the present study, blood clinical-chemical parameters (BCCPs) were analysed in 20 female and 18 male Svalbard polar bears (Ursus maritimus) captured in spring 2007. The aim was to study how age, body condition (BC), ...
    • Exposure to Persistent Organic Pollutants Reduces Testosterone Concentrations and Affects Sperm Viability and Morphology during the Mating Peak Period in a Controlled Experiment on Farmed Arctic Foxes (Vulpes lagopus) 

      Sonne, Christian; Torjesen, Peter A; Fuglei, Eva; Muir, Derek C. G.; Jenssen, Bjørn Munro; Jørgensen, Even Hjalmar; Dietz, Rune; Ahlstrøm, Øystein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      We investigated testosterone production and semen parameters in farmed Arctic foxes by dietary exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) for 22 months. Eight male foxes were given a diet of POP-contaminated minke ...
    • Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) liver and thyroid gland histopathology as a result of in ovo exposure to the flame retardants tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate and Dechlorane Plus 

      Jacobsen, Mona L; Jaspers, Veerle; Ciesielski, Tomasz Maciej; Jenssen, Bjørn Munro; Løseth, Mari Engvig; Briels, Nathalie; Eulaers, Igor; Leifsson, Pall S; Riget, Frank F; Gomez-Ramirez, Pilar; Sonne, Christian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Japanese quails (Coturnix japonica) were exposed in ovo to tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP; 500 ng/µl), Dechlorane Plus (DP; 500 ng/µl), or a 1:1 mixture of these two to investigate the effects on liver and ...
    • Mandibular shape in farmed Arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) exposed to persistent organic pollutants 

      Bradley, Madison M.; Perra, Megan; Ahlstrøm, Øystein; Jenssen, Bjørn Munro; Jørgensen, Even Hjalmar; Fuglei, Eva; Muir, Derek C.G.; Sonne, Christian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We investigated if dietary exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) affect mandibular asymmetry and periodontal disease in paired male-siblings of Arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus). During ontogeny, one group of siblings ...
    • On the integration of ecological and physiological variables in polar bear toxicology research: a systematic review 

      Bechshoft, Thea; Derocher, Andrew E.; Viengkone, Michelle; Routti, Heli Anna Irmeli; Aars, Jon; Letcher, Robert J.; Dietz, Rune; Sonne, Christian; Jenssen, Bjørn Munro; Richardson, Evan; Lunn, Nicholas J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Ecotoxicology evolved as a scientific field as awareness of the unintended effects of anthropogenic pollutants in biota increased. Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) are often the focus of Arctic contaminant exposure studies ...
    • Population genomics of grey wolves and wolf-like canids in North America 

      Sinding, Mikkel Holger Strander; Gopalakrishnan, Shyam; Vieira, Filipe G.; Samaniego, Jose A; Raundrup, Katrine; Heide Jørgensen, Mads Peter; Meldgaard, Morten; Petersen, Bent; Sicheritz-Ponten, Thomas; Mikkelsen, Johan Brus; Marquard-Petersen, Ulf; Dietz, Rune; Sonne, Christian; Dalén, Love; Bachmann, Lutz; Wiig, Øystein; Hansen, Anders J.; Gilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      North America is currently home to a number of grey wolf (Canis lupus) and wolf-like canid populations, including the coyote (Canis latrans) and the taxonomically controversial red, Eastern timber and Great Lakes wolves. ...
    • Prevalence of antibodies against Brucella spp. in West Greenland polar bears (Ursus maritimus) and East Greenland muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus) 

      Sonne, Christian; Andersen-Ranberg, Emilie; Rajala, Elisabeth; Agerholm, Jørgen S.; Bonefeld-Jørgensen, Eva; Desforges, Jean-Pierre; Eulaers, Igor; Gustavson, Kim; Jenssen, Bjørn Munro; Koch, Anders; Rosing-Asvid, Aqqalu; Schmidt, Nils Martin; Grøndahl, Carsten; Mosbacher, Jesper Bruun; Siebert, Ursula; Tryland, Morten; Mulvad, Gert; Born, Erik W; Laidre, Kristin; Wiig, Øystein; Dietz, Rune; Magnusson, Ulf (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Zoonotic infections transmitted from terrestrial and marine mammals to humans in European Arctic are of unknown significance, despite considerable potential for transmission due to local hunt and a rapidly changing ...
    • A schematic sampling protocol for contaminant monitoring in raptors 

      Espín, Silvia; Andevski, Jovan; Duke, Guy; Eulaers, Igor; Gomez-Ramirez, Pilar; Hallgrimsson, Gunnar Thor; Helander, Björn; Herzke, Dorte; Jaspers, Veerle; Krone, Oliver; Lourenco, Rui; Maria-Mojica, Pedro; Martínez-López, Emma; Mateo, Rafael; Movalli, Paola; Sanchez-Virosta, Pablo; Shore, Richard F.; Sonne, Christian; van den Brink, Nico W.; van Hattum, B.; Vrezec, Al; Wernham, Chris; García-Fernández, Antonio J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Birds of prey, owls and falcons are widely used as sentinel species in raptor biomonitoring programmes. A major current challenge is to facilitate large-scale biomonitoring by coordinating contaminant monitoring activities ...
    • Seroprevalence for Brucella spp. in Baltic ringed seals (Phoca hispida) and T East Greenland harp (Pagophilus groenlandicus) and hooded (Cystophora cristata) seals 

      Sonne, Christian; Andersen-Ranberg, Emilie; Rajala, Elisabeth; Agerholm, Jørgen S.; Bonefeld-Jørgensen, Eva; Desforges, Jean-Pierre; Eulaers, Igor; Jenssen, Bjørn Munro; Koch, Anders; Rosings-Asvid, Aqqualu; Siebert, Ursula; Tryland, Morten; Mulvad, Gert; Härkönen, Tero; Acquarone, Mario; Nordøy, Erling Sverre; Dietz, Rune; Magnusson, Ulf (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Zoonotic infections transmitted from marine mammals to humans in the Baltic and European Arctic are of unknown significance, despite given considerable potential for transmission due to local hunt. Here we present results ...
    • Specialized sledge dogs accompanied Inuit dispersal across the North American Arctic 

      Ameen, Carly; Feuerborn, Tatiana R.; Brown, Sarah K.; Linderholm, Anna; Hulme-Beaman, Ardern; Lebrasseur, Ophelie; Sinding, Mikkel Holger Strander; Lounsberry, Zachary T.; Lin, Audrey T.; Appelt, Martin; Bachmann, Lutz; Betts, Matthew; Britton, Kate; Darwent, John; Dietz, Rune; Fredholm, Merethe; Gopalakrishnan, Shyam; Goruinova, Olga I.; Grønnow, Bjarne; Haile, James; Hallsson, Jón Hallsteinn; Harrison, Ramona; Heide-Jørgensen, Mads-Peter; Knecht, Rick; Losey, Robert J.; Masson-MacLean, Edouard; McGovern, Thomas H.; McMagnus-Fry, Ellen; Meldgaard, Morten; Midtdal, Åslaug; Moss, Madonna L.; Nikitin, Iurii G.; Nomokonova, Tatiana; Palsdottir, Albina Hulda; Perri, Angela; Popov, Aleksandr N.; Rankin, Lisa; Reuther, Joshua D.; Sablin, Mikhail V.; Schmidt, Anne Lisbeth; Shirar, Scott; Smiarowski, Konrad; Sonne, Christian; Stiner, Mary C.; Vasyukov, Mitya; West, Catherine F.; Ween, Gro Birgit; Wennerberg, Sanne Eline; Wiig, Øystein; Woollett, James; Dalén, Love; Hansen, Anders J.; Gilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius; Sacks, Benjamin N; Frantz, Laurent A.F.; Larson, Greger; Dobney, Keith; Darwent, Christyann M.; Evin, Allowen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Domestic dogs have been central to life in the North American Arctic for millennia. The ancestors of the Inuit were the first to introduce the widespread usage of dog sledge transportation technology to the Americas, but ...
    • The influence of natural variation and organohalogenated contaminants on physiological parameters in white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) nestlings from Norway 

      Løseth, Mari Engvig; Flo, Jørgen; Sonne, Christian; Havnsøe Krogh, Anne Kirstine; Nygård, Torgeir; Bustnes, Jan Ove; Jenssen, Bjørn Munro; Jaspers, Veerle (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Environmental exposure to organohalogenated contaminants (OHCs), even at low concentrations, may cause detrimental effects on the development and health of wild birds. The present study investigated if environmental exposure ...
    • Tracking pan-continental trends in environmental contamination using sentinel raptors—what types of samples should we use? 

      Espín, Silvia; García-Fernández, Antonio J.; Herzke, Dorte; Shore, Richard F.; van Hattum, Bert; Martínez-López, Emma; Coeurdassier, Michael; Eulaers, Igor; Fritsch, Clémentine; Gómez-Ramírez, Pilar; Jaspers, Veerle; Krone, Oliver; Duke, Guy; Helander, Björn; Mateo, Rafael; Movalli, Paola; Sonne, Christian; van den Brink, Nico W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Biomonitoring using birds of prey as sentinel species has been mooted as a way to evaluate the success of European Union directives that are designed to protect people and the environment across Europe from industrial ...