• Climate, soil and plant functional types as drivers of global fine-root trait variation 

      Freschet, Grégoire T; Valverde-Barrantes, Oscar J.; Tucker, Caroline M.; Craine, Joesph M.; McCormack, Luke M.; Violle, Cyrille; Fort, Florian; Blackwood, Christopher; Urban-Mead, Katherine R.; Iversen, Colleen M.; Bonis, Anne; Comas, Louis H.; Cornelissen, Johannes H.C.; Dong, Ming; Guo, Dali; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Holdaway, Robert J.; Kembel, Steven W.; Makita, Naoki; Onipchenko, Vladimir G.; Picon-Cochard, Catherine; Reich, Peter B.; de la Riva, Enrique G.; Smith, Stuart; Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A.; Tjoelker, Mark G.; Wardle, David A; Roumet, Catherine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      1.Ecosystem functioning relies heavily on belowground processes, which are largely regulated by plant fine-roots and their functional traits. However, our knowledge of fine-root trait distribution relies to date on local- ...
    • Combination of herbivore removal and nitrogen deposition increases upland carbon storage 

      Smith, Stuart; Johnson, David; Quin LO, Samuel; Munro, Kyle; Pakeman, Robin J; van der Wal, René; Woodin, Sarah J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Ecosystem carbon (C) accrual and storage can be enhanced by removing large herbivores as well as by the fertilizing effect of atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition. These drivers are unlikely to operate independently, yet ...
    • Fire regulates the abundance of alien plant species around roads and settlements in the Serengeti National Park 

      Bukombe, John; Smith, Stuart; Kija, Hamza; Loishooki, Asheeli; Sumay, Glory; Mwita, Machoke; Mwakalebe, Grayson; Kihwele, Emilian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      A large portion of East African ecosystems are officially protected, yet increasing wildlife tourism and infrastructural development are exposing these areas to invasion by alien plant species. To date there has been little ...
    • Going native, going local: revegetating eroded soils on the Falkland Islands using native seeds and farmland waste 

      Smith, Stuart; Ross, Frin; Karlsson, Susanna; Bond, Brian; Upson, Rebecca; Davey, Alexandra (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Remote island ecosystems are vulnerable to human disturbance and habitat destruction, yet they often have limited capacity to revegetate degraded habitats, especially with native species. To revegetate degraded island ...
    • High stocks, but slow recovery, of ecosystem carbon in southern oceanic tussock grasslands 

      Smith, Stuart; Karlsson, Susanna (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Peat-forming large tussock grasslands on oceanic and sub-Antarctic islands are fundamentally understudied in terms of carbon (C) storage. Here we quantify both plant and soil C and nitrogen (N) storage for the large-tussock ...
    • Impact of an invasive alien plant on litter decomposition along a latitudinal gradient 

      Helsen, Kenny; Smith, Stuart; Brunet, J; Cousins, Sara A.O.; De Frenne, Pieter; Kimberley, Adam; Kolb, Annette; Lenoir, Jonathan; Ma, Shiyu; Michaelis, Jana; Pule, Jan; Verheyen, Kris; Speed, James David Mervyn; Graae, Bente Jessen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Invasive alien plant effects on ecosystem functions are often difficult to predict across environmental gradients due to the context-dependent interactions between the invader and the recipient communities. Adopting a ...
    • Litter type and termites regulate root decomposition across contrasting savanna land-uses 

      Smith, Stuart; Speed, James David Mervyn; Bukombe, John; Hassan, Shombe Ntaraluka; Lyamuya, Richard Daniel; Mtweve, Philipo Jacob; Sundsdal, Anders; Graae, Bente Jessen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Decomposition is a vital ecosystem process, increasingly modified by human activity. Theoretical frameworks and empirical studies that aim to understand the interplay between human land-use, macro-fauna and decomposition ...
    • Milling plant and soil material in plastic tubes over-estimates carbon and under-estimates nitrogen concentrations 

      Smith, Stuart; Robertson, A H Jean; Meharg, Andrew A; Pakeman, Robin J; Johnson, David; Woodin, Sarah J.; van der Wal, René (Journal article; Preprint, 2013)
      Background and aims Milling of plant and soil material in plastic tubes, such as microcentrifuge tubes, over-estimates carbon (C) and under-estimates nitrogen (N) concentrations due to the introduction of polypropylene ...
    • Root traits predict decomposition across a landscape-scale grazing experiment 

      Smith, Stuart; Woodin, Sarah J.; Pakeman, Robin J; Johnson, David; van der Wal, René (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      - Root litter is the dominant soil carbon and nutrient input in many ecosystems, yet few studies have considered how root decomposition is regulated at the landscape scale and how this is mediated by land‐use management ...
    • Savannah trees buffer herbaceous plant biomass against wild and domestic herbivores 

      Smith, Stuart; Graae, Bente Jessen; Bukombe, John; Hassan, Shombe N.; Lyamuya, Richard Daniel; Mtweve, Philipo Jacob; Treydte, Anna C; Speed, James David Mervyn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Questions Given the growing abundance and dominance of domestic herbivores in savannah ecosystems, can trees maintain plant herbaceous standing biomass under increasing herbivore pressure? Are there differences in the ...
    • Slow weathering of a sandstone-derived Podzol (Falkland Islands) resulting in high content of a non-crystalline silicate 

      Cuadros, Javier; Cesarano, Mara; Dubbin, William; Smith, Stuart; Davey, Alexandra; Spiro, Brauch; Burton, Rodney G.O.; Jungblut, Anne D. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Mineral weathering processes in soils are important controls on soil characteristics and on bio-and geochemical cycling. Elucidation of these processes and their mechanisms is crucial for understanding soil environments ...
    • The handbook for standardized field and laboratory measurements in terrestrial climate change experiments and observational studies (ClimEx) 

      Halbritter Rechsteiner, Aud Helen; De Boeck, Hans J.; Eycott, Amy Elizabeth; Reinsch, Sabine; Robinson, David A.; Vicca, Sara; Berauer, Bernd; Christiansen, Casper Tai; Estiarte, Marc; Grünzweig, José M.; Gya, Ragnhild; Hansen, Karin; Jentsch, Anke; Lee, Hanna; Linder, Sune; Marshall, John; Peñuelas, Josep; Schmidt, Inger Kappel; Stuart-Haëntjens, Ellen; Wilfahrt, Peter; Vandvik, Vigdis; Abrantes, Nelson; Almagro, María; Althuizen, Inge; Barrio, Isabel C.; te Beest, Mariska; Beier, Claus; Beil, Iilka; Berry, Z. Carter; Birkemoe, Tone; Bjerke, Jarle W.; Blonder, Benjamin; Blume-Werry, Gesche; Bohrer, Gil; Campos, Isabel; Cernusak, Lucas S.; Chojnicki, Bogdan H.; Cosby, Bernhard J.; Dickman, Lee T.; Djukic, Ika; Filella, Iolanda; Fuchslueger, Lucia; Gargallo-Garriga, Albert; Gillespie, Mark Andrew; Goldsmith, Gregory R.; Gough, Christopher; Halliday, Fletcher W.; Hegland, Stein Joar; Hoch, Gunter; Holub, Petr; Jaroszynska, Francesca Orinda Holl; Johnson, Daniel M.; Jones, Scott B.; Kardol, Paul; Keizer, Jan J.; Klem, Karel; Konestabo, Heidi Sjursen; Kreyling, Jürgen; Kröel-Dulay, György; Landhäusser, Simon M.; Larsen, Klaus S.; Leblans, Niki; Lebron, Inma; Lehmann, Marco M.; Lembrechts, Jonas J.; Lenz, Armando; Linstädter, Anja; Llusià, Joan; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Malyshev, Andrey V.; Mänd, Pille; Marshall, Miles; Matheny, Ashley M.; McDowell, Nate; Meier, Ina C.; Meinzer, Frederick C.; Michaletz, Sean T.; Miller, Megan L.; Muffler, Lena; Oravec, Michal; Ostonen, Ivika; Porcar-Castell, Albert; Preece, Catherine; Prentice, Iain C.; Radujković, Dajana; Ravolainen, Virve; Ribbons, Relena; Ruppert, Jan C.; Sack, Lawren; Sardans, Jordi; Schindlbacher, Andreas; Scoffoni, Christine; Sigurdsson, Bjarni D.; Smart, Simon M; Smith, Stuart; Soper, Fiona; Speed, James David Mervyn; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Sydenham, Markus A. K.; Taghizadeh-Toosi, Arezoo; Telford, Richard J.; Tielborger, Katja; Töpper, Joachim Paul; Urban, Otmar; van der Ploeg, Martine; Van Langenhove, Leandro; Večeřová, Kristýna; Ven, Arne; Verbruggen, Erik; Vik, Unni; Weigel, Robert; Wohlgemuth, Thomas; Wood, Lauren K.; Zinnert, Julie; Zurba, Kamal (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      1. Climate change is a world-wide threat to biodiversity and ecosystem structure, functioning and services. To understand the underlying drivers and mechanisms, and to predict the consequences for nature and people, we ...