• Assessing Cyber Risks of an INS Using the MITRE ATT&CK Framework 

      Oruc, Aybars; Amro, Ahmed Walid; Gkioulos, Vasileios (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Shipping performed by contemporary vessels is the backbone of global trade. Modern vessels are equipped with many computerized systems to enhance safety and operational efficiency. One such system developed is the integrated ...
    • Automated Red Teams in Maritime Cybersecurity Exercises 

      Solli, Audun Landøy (Master thesis, 2022)
      Brorparten av verdas overflate er dekka vatn og mange folk bur langs kysten. Likevel ligg maritim sektor langt bak andre teknologisektorar når ein ser med eit auge på informasjonsikkerheiten. Metodar for å teste og lære ...
    • Claims of State-Sponsored Cyberattack in the Maritime Industry 

      Oruc, Aybars (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Developments in technology bring inherent risks along with convenience. Undoubtedly, cyberattacks constitute one potentially serious risk. While a stereotypical scenario involves a curious teenager sitting in front of his ...
    • Cyber Risk Assessment For Ships (CRASH) 

      Oruc, Aybars; Kavallieratos, Georgios; Gkioulos, Vasileios; Katsikas, Sokratis (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
    • Cyber Risk Assessment for SHips (CRASH) 

      Oruc, Aybars; Kavallieratos, Georgios; Gkioulos, Vasileios; Katsikas, Sokratis (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      The maritime industry is undergoing a digital transformation, with an increasing integration of Information Technology (IT) and Operational Technology (OT) systems on modern vessels. Its multiple benefits notwithstanding, ...
    • Cyber Threats and Vulnerabilities in the Integrated Navigation System 

      Ruud, Ulrik Johansen (Master thesis, 2022)
      Det Integrerte Navigasjonssystemet (INS) er et viktig system i et maritimt fartøy. Det sørger for sikker navigering mens man er på havet. INS består av mange forskjellige typer enheter som hjelper til dette. Målet med denne ...
    • Ethical Considerations in Maritime Cybersecurity Research 

      Oruc, Aybars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Maritime transportation, an essential component of world trade, is performed by contemporary vessels. Despite the improvements that rapid advances in technology have brought to vessels’ operational efficiency and capability ...
    • Improving Cyber Security Awareness of Seafarers 

      Moen, Ivar Olav (Master thesis, 2022)
      Skip har i takt med samfunnsutviklingen blitt høyteknologiske. Samtidig er det mange trusselaktører i cyberdomenet som retter angrep mot den maritime næringen. Sjøfolk får begrenset opplæring i temaer relatert til ...
    • A Modular Cyber Security Training Programme for the Maritime Domain 

      Oruc, Aybars; Chowdhury, Nabin; Gkioulos, Vasileios (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2024)
      The global maritime industry is continuing the rapid digitization of systems and dependency on advancing technology, in a trend akin to other industrial domains. One of the main issues that this integration has brought is ...
    • Navigation Data Anomaly Analysis and Detection 

      Amro, Ahmed Walid; Oruc, Aybars; Gkioulos, Vasileios; Katsikas, Sokratis (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Several disruptive attacks against companies in the maritime industry have led experts to consider the increased risk imposed by cyber threats as a major obstacle to undergoing digitization. The industry is heading toward ...
    • Potential Cyber Threats, Vulnerabilities, and Protections of Unmanned Vehicles 

      Oruc, Aybars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    • Survey-based Analysis of Cybersecurity Awareness of Turkish Seafarers 

      Moen, Ivar; Oruc, Aybars; Amro, Ahmed Walid; Gkioulos, Vasileios; Kavallieratos, Georgios (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2024)
      In recent years, vessels have become increasingly digitized, reflecting broader societal trends. As a result, maritime operations have become an attractive target for cyber threat actors. Despite the limited cybersecurity ...
    • Tools for Organizing an Effective Virtual Academic Conference 

      Oruc, Aybars (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Academic conferences are an indispensable component of contemporary science, giving researchers the opportunity to present the results of recent investigations, become familiar with other scholars' studies, and build and ...
    • Towards a Cyber-Physical Range for the Integrated Navigation System 

      Oruc, Aybars; Gkioulos, Vasileios; Katsikas, Sokratis (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The e-navigation concept was introduced by the IMO to enhance berth-to-berth navigation towards enhancing environmental protection, and safety and security at sea by leveraging technological advancements. Even though a ...