• Alpha-cyclodextrin inhibits cholesterol crystal-induced complement-mediated inflammation: A potential new compound for treatment of atherosclerosis. 

      Pilely, Katrine; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Palarasah, Yaseelan; Skjoedt, Mikkel-Ole; Bartels, Emil D.; Espevik, Terje; Garred, Peter (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background and aims Cholesterol crystal (CC)-induced inflammation is a critical step in the development of atherosclerosis. CCs activate the complement system and induce an inflammatory response resulting in phagocytosis ...
    • Cholesterol crystals activate the lectin complement pathway via ficolin-2 and mannose-binding lectin: Implications for the progression of atherosclerosis 

      Pilely, Katrine; Rosbjerg, Anne; Genster, Ninette; Gál, Peter; Pál, Gábor; Halvorsen, Bente; Holm, Sverre; Aukrust, Pål; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Nervik, Ingunn; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Bartels, Emil D.; Stahl, Gregory L.; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje; Garred, Peter (Journal article, 2016)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) play an essential role in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. CC activate the classical and the alternative complement pathways, but the role of the lectin pathway is unknown. We hypothesized ...
    • Cyclodextrin promotes atherosclerosis regression via macrophage reprogramming 

      Zimmer, Sebastian; Grebe, Alena; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Bode, Niklas; Halvorsen, Bente; Ulas, Thomas; Skjelland, Mona; De Nardo, Dominic; Labzin, Larisa I.; Kerksiek, Anja; Hempel, Chris; Heneka, Michael T.; Hawxhurst, Victoria; Fitzgerald, Michael L.; Trebicka, Jonel; Björkhem, Ingemar; Gustafsson, Jan Åke; Westerterp, Marit; Tall, Alan R.; Wright, Samuel D.; Espevik, Terje; Schultze, Joachim L.; Nickenig, Georg; Lütjohann, Dieter; Latz, Eicke (Journal article, 2016)
      Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease linked to elevated blood cholesterol concentrations. Despite ongoing advances in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause ...
    • Cyclodextrin Reduces Cholesterol Crystal-Induced Inflammation by Modulating Complement Activation 

      Bakke, Siril Skaret; Aune, Marie Hjelmseth; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Pilely, Katrine; Ryan, Liv; Skjelland, Mona; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Halvorsen, Bente; Latz, Eicke; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) are abundant in atherosclerotic plaques and promote inflammatory responses via the complement system and inflammasome activation. Cyclic oligosaccharide 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (BCD) is a ...
    • Cyclodextrin Reduces Cholesterol Crystal-Induced Inflammation by Modulating Complement Activation 

      Bakke, Siril Skaret; Aune, Marie Hjelmseth; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Pilely, Katrine; Ryan, Liv; Skjelland, Mona; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Halvorsen, Bente; Latz, Eicke; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article, 2017)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) are abundant in atherosclerotic plaques and promote inflammatory responses via the complement system and inflammasome activation. Cyclic oligosaccharide 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (BCD) is a ...
    • Genetic Variation/Evolution and Differential Host Responses Resulting from In-Patient Adaptation of Mycobacterium avium 

      Kannan, Nisha; Lai, Yi-Pin; Haug, Markus; Lilleness, M.K.; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Marstad, Anne; Hov, Håkon; Naustdal, Thor; Afset, Jan Egil; Ioerger, Thomas R.; Flo, Trude Helen; Steigedal, Magnus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Members of the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) are characterized as nontuberculosis mycobacteria and are pathogenic mainly in immunocompromised individuals. MAC strains show a wide genetic variability, and there is growing ...
    • Increased glycolysis and higher lactate production in hyperglycemic myotubes 

      Lund, Jenny; Ouwens, DM; Wettergreen, Marianne; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Thoresen, G. Hege; Aas, Vigdis (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Previous studies have shown that chronic hyperglycemia impairs glucose and fatty acid oxidation in cultured human myotubes. To further study the hyperglycemia-induced suppression of oxidation, lactate oxidation, mitochondrial ...
    • Increased triacylglycerol - Fatty acid substrate cycling in human skeletal muscle cells exposed to eicosapentaenoic acid. 

      Løvsletten, Nils Gunnar; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Kase, Eili Tranheim; Ouwens, D. Margriet; Thoresen, G. Hege; Rustan, Arild (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      It has previously been shown that pretreatment of differentiated human skeletal muscle cells (myotubes) with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) promoted increased uptake of fatty acids and increased triacylglycerol accumulation, ...
    • Profiling of immune-related gene expression in children with familial hypercholesterolaemia 

      Narverud, Ingunn; Christensen, Jacob J.; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Ulven, Stine Marie; Rundblad, Amanda; Aukrust, Pål; Espevik, Terje; Bogsrud, Martin Prøven; Retterstøl, Kjetil; Ueland, Thor; Halvorsen, Bente; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background Innate and adaptive immune responses are pivotal in atherosclerosis, but their association with early‐stage atherosclerosis in humans is incompletely understood. In this regard, untreated children with familial ...
    • Reconstituted High-Density Lipoprotein Attenuates Cholesterol Crystal-Induced Inflammatory Responses by Reducing Complement Activation 

      Niyonzima, Nathalie; Samstad, Eivind; Aune, Marie Hjelmseth; Ryan, Liv; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Rokstad, Anne Mari; Wright, Samuel; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Latz, Eicke; Espevik, Terje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Chronic inflammation of the arterial wall is a key element in the development of atherosclerosis, and cholesterol crystals (CC) that accumulate in plaques are associated with initiation and progression of the disease. We ...
    • Serum Omega-6 Fatty Acids and Immunology-Related Gene Expression in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells: A Cross-Sectional Analysis in Healthy Children 

      Christensen, Jacob J.; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Ulven, Stine Marie; Retterstøl, Kjetil; Henriksen, Tore; Bollerslev, Jens; Espevik, Terje; Aukrust, Pål; Halvorsen, Bente; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Scope Some studies suggest that a high dietary intake of omega‐6 fatty acids is pro‐inflammatory. However, whether omega‐6 fatty acids actually cause pathogenic inflammation in humans is debated. Therefore, the associations ...