• Acute heart failure following myocardial infarction: complement activation correlates with the severity of heart failure in patients developing cardiogenic shock 

      Orrem, Hilde Lang; Nilsson, Per; Pischke, Søren Erik; Grindheim, Guro; Garred, Peter; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Husebye, Trygve Guttorm; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Aims Heart failure (HF) is an impending complication to myocardial infarction. We hypothesized that the degree of complement activation reflects severity of HF following acute myocardial infarction. Methods and ...
    • Cholesterol crystals use complement to increase NLRP3 signaling pathways in coronary and carotid atherosclerosis 

      Niyonzima, Nathalie; Bakke, Siril S.; Gregersen, Ida; Holm, Sverre; Sandanger, Øystein; Orrem, Hilde Lang; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Ryan, Liv; Kong, Xiang Yi; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Skjelland, Mona; Sørensen, Kirsten; Rokstad, Anne Mari A.; Yndestad, Arne; Latz, Eicke; Gullestad, Lars; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Damås, Jan Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Halvorsen, Bente; Espevik, Terje (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background: During atherogenesis, cholesterol precipitates into cholesterol crystals (CC) in the vessel wall, which trigger plaque inflammation by activating the NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) ...
    • IL-6 receptor inhibition by tocilizumab attenuated expression of C5a receptor 1 and 2 in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction 

      Orrem, Hilde Lang; Nilsson, Per; Pischke, Søren Erik; Kleveland, Ola; Yndestad, Arne; Ekholt, Karin; Damås, Jan Kristian; Espevik, Terje; Bendz, Bjørn; Halvorsen, Bente; Gregersen, Ida; Wiseth, Rune; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Ueland, Thor; Gullestad, Lars; Aukrust, Pål; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background: Elevated interleukin-6 (IL-6) and complement activation are associated with detrimental effects of inflammation in coronary artery disease (CAD). The complement anaphylatoxins C5a and C3a interact with their ...
    • Legumain is upregulated in acute cardiovascular events and associated with improved outcome – potentially related to anti-inflammatory effects on macrophages 

      Lunde, Ngoc Dieu Nguyen; Gregersen, Ida; Ueland, Thor; Shetelig, Christian; Holm, Sverre; Kong, Xiang Yi; Michelsen, Annika; Otterdal, Kari; Yndestad, Arne; Broch, Kaspar; Gullestad, Lars; Nyman, Tuula Anneli; Bendz, Bjørn; Eritsland, Jan; Hoffmann, Pavel; Skagen, Karolina Ryeng; Gonçalves, Isabel; Nilsson, Jan; Grenegård, Magnus; Poreba, Marcin; Drag, Marcin; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Espevik, Terje; Skjelland, Mona; Johansen, Harald Thidemann; Solberg, Rigmor; Aukrust, Pål; Björbacka, Harry; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Halvorsen, Bente (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background and aims We have previously found increased levels of the cysteine protease legumain in plasma and plaques from patients with carotid atherosclerosis. This study further investigated legumain during acute ...
    • Rationale for the ASSAIL-MI-trial: a randomised controlled trial designed to assess the effect of tocilizumab on myocardial salvage in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). 

      Anstensrud, Anne Kristine; Woxholt, Sindre; Sharma, Kapil Kishore; Broch, Kaspar; Bendz, Bjørn; Aakhus, Svend; Ueland, Thor; Amundsen, Brage H.; Damås, Jan Kristian; Hopp, Einar; Kleveland, Ola; STENSÆTH, KNUT HAAKON; Opdahl, Anders; Kløw, Nils-Einar; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Wiseth, Rune; Aukrust, Pål; Gullestad, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Introduction Interleukin-6 (IL-6) may be involved in ischaemia-reperfusion injury and myocardial remodelling after myocardial infarction (MI). We have recently shown that IL-6 inhibition by tocilizumab attenuates systemic ...
    • Soluble IL-1 receptor 2 is associated with left ventricular remodelling in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction 

      Orrem, Hilde Lang; Shetelig, Christian; Ueland, Thor; Limalanathan, Shanmuganathan; Nilsson, Per; Husebye, Trygve Guttorm; Aukrust, Pål; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; HOFFMANN, PAVEL; Eritsland, Jan; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Yndestad, Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background The inflammatory response following myocardial infarction (MI) is prerequisite for proper healing of infarcted tissue, but can also have detrimental effects on cardiac function. Interleukin (IL)-1α and IL-1β ...